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Intro Medical Terms

Medical Terminology

QuestionAnswer
abdominocentesis surgical puncture
acronymn A word formed from the initial letters of a name
acute an acute disease is a disease with either or both of: a rapid onset, as in acute infection; a short course (as opposed to a chronic course).
aniography way to produce X-ray pictures of the inside of blood vessels
appendectomy surgical removal of the appendix when an infection has made it inflamed and swollen.
arteriosclerosis stiffening of arteries
arthraligia joint pain
abdominocentesis surgical puncture
acronymn A word formed from the initial letters of a name
acute an acute disease is a disease with either or both of: a rapid onset, as in acute infection; a short course (as opposed to a chronic course).
aniography way to produce X-ray pictures of the inside of blood vessels
appendectomy surgical removal of the appendix when an infection has made it inflamed and swollen.
arteriosclerosis stiffening of arteries
arthraligia joint pain
colostomy surgical procedure that brings one end of the large intestine out through the abdominal wall
cyanosis physical sign causing bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
dermatologist doctor who specializes in treating conditions that affect the skin, hair, and nails
diagnosis identification of the nature and cause of anything
diarrhea condition that involves the frequent passing of loose or watery stools
edema swelling caused by fluid in your body's tissues
endarterial innermost lining of an artery
eponym
erythrocyte red blood cell
fissure tear in the lining of the lower rectum (anus) that causes pain during bowel movements.
fistula abnormal connection between an organ, vessel, or intestine and another structure
gastralgia neuralgia of the stomach
gatritis lining of the stomach becomes inflamed or swollen
gastroenteritis condition that causes irritation and inflammation of the stomach and intestines
gastrosis Any disease of the stomach
hemorrhage is a subtype of intracranial hemorrhage that occurs within the brain tissue itself.
hepatomegaly swelling of the liver beyond its normal size
hypertension high blood pressure
hypotension abnormally low blood pressure
infection invasion of a host organism's bodily tissues
inflammation part of the complex biological response of vascular tissues to harmful stimuli
intersitial lung disease
intramuscular is the injection of a substance directly into a muscle
laceration a torn ragged wound
lesion any abnormality in the tissue of an organism
mycosis is a fungal infection of animals, including humans
myelopathy refers to pathology of the spinal cord
myopathy muscular disease in which the muscle fibers do not function for any one of many reasons, resulting in muscular weakness.
myorrhexis rupture of a muscle
natal
neonatology subspecialty of pediatrics that consists of the medical care of newborn infants, especially the ill or premature newborn infant
neuritis include pain and tenderness; impaired sensation, strength, and reflexes
otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
palpation act of feeling with the hand; the application of the fingers with light pressure to the surface of the body
palpitation abnormality of heartbeat that ranges from often unnoticed skipped beats or accelerated heartrate to very noticeable changes
pathology precise study and diagnosis of disease
phalanges bones that form the skeleton of the toes and the finger
poliomyelitis viral disease that can affect nerves and can lead to partial or full paralysis
prognosis forecasting of the probable course and outcome of a disease , especially of the chances of recovery
prostate process of the male orgasm.
pyoderma means any skin disease that is pyogenic
pyrosis technical term for what is popularly called heartburn
remission a state or period during which something is remitted
sign Something that suggests the presence or existence of a fact
supination a position of either the forearm or foot
suppuration formation of pus
supracostal Situated above, or on the outside of, the ribs.
symptom pinpoint possible causes of your medical symptoms
syndrome association of several clinically recognizable features, signs (observed by someone other than the patient
tonsillitis inflammation (swelling) of the tonsils
trauma Reactions such as shock and denial are typical
triage process of determining the priority of patients' treatments based on the severity of their condition
viral viral and the noun virality may refer to any viral phenomenon
Created by: Rajah