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Medical Terminology

medical terms

abdominocentesis Surgical puncture of the abdomen by a needle to withdraw fluid; abdominal paracentesis.
acronym a word formed from the initial letters or groups of letters of words in a set phrase or series of words
acute brief and severe
angiography x-ray examination of blood vessels or lymphatics following injection of a radiopaque substance.
appendectomy excision of the vermiform appendix.
arteriosclerosis degenerative changes in the arteries, characterized by thickening of the vessel walls and accumulation of calcium with consequent loss of elasticity and lessened blood flow.
arthralgia pain in a joint.
colostomy the construction of an artificial opening from the colon through the abdominal wall, thus bypassing a diseased portion of the lower intestine and permitting the passage of intestinal contents.
cyanosis blueness or lividness of the skin, as from imperfectly oxygenated blood.
dermatologist a specialist in dermatology, especially a doctor who specializes in the treatment of diseases of the skin.
diagnosis a determining or analysis of the cause or nature of a problem or situation.
diarrhea an intestinal disorder characterized by abnormal frequency and fluidity of fecal evacuations.
edema effusion of serous fluid into the interstices of cells in tissue spaces or into body cavities.
endarterial the innermost lining of an artery.
eponym a person, real or imaginary, from whom something, as a tribe, nation, or place, takes or is said to take its name
erythrocyte red blood cell.
fissure a natural division or groove in an organ, as in the brain.
fistula a narrow passage or duct formed by disease or injury, as one leading from an abscess to a free surface, or from one cavity to another
gastralgia neuralgia of the stomach. any stomach pain.
gastritis inflammation of the stomach, especially of its mucous membrane.
gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and intestines.
gastrosis Any disease of the stomach.
hemorrhage a profuse discharge of blood, as from a ruptured blood vessel; bleeding.
hepatomegaly an abnormal enlargement of the liver, usually associated with liver disease or heart failure.
hypertension elevation of the blood pressure, especially the diastolic pressure.
hypotension decreased or lowered blood pressure
infection an infecting with germs of disease, as through the medium of infected insects, air, water, or clothing
inflammation redness, swelling, pain, tenderness, heat, and disturbed function of an area of the body, especially as a reaction of tissues to injurious agents.
interstitial situated between the cells of a structure or part: interstitial tissue.
intramuscular located or occurring within a muscle.
laceration the result of lacerating; a rough, jagged tear.
lesion an injury; hurt; wound.
mycosis the presence of parasitic fungi in or on any part of the body.
myelopathy any disorder of the spinal cord or of bone marrow.
myopathy any abnormality or disease of muscle tissue.
myorrhexis Tearing of a muscle.
natal presiding over or affecting a person at birth
neonatology the study of the development and disorders of newborn children.
neuritis inflammation of a nerve.
otorhinolaryngology The study of diseases of the ear and throat.
palpation to examine by touch, especially for the purpose of diagnosing disease or illness.
palpitation an unusually or abnormally rapid or violent beating of the heart.
pathology the science or the study of the origin, nature, and course of diseases.
phalanges a plural of phalanx.
poliomyelitis an acute viral disease caused by any of three polioviruses, characterized by inflammation of the motor neurons of the brain stem and spinal cord, and resulting in a motor paralysis, followed by muscular atrophy and often permanent deformities.
prognosis a forecasting of the probable course and outcome of a disease, especially of the chances of recovery.
prostate of or pertaining to the prostate gland.
pyoderma any skin eruption characterized by pustules or the formation of pus
pyrosis heartburn
remission a temporary or permanent decrease or subsidence of manifestations of a disease.
sign a token; indication.
supination rotation of the hand or forearm so that the palmar surface is facing upward ( opposed to pronation ).
suppuration the matter produced by suppuration; pus.
supracostal Located above the ribs.
symptom a phenomenon that arises from and accompanies a particular disease or disorder and serves as an indication of it.
syndrome a group of symptoms that together are characteristic of a specific disorder, disease, or the like.
tonsillitis inflammation of a tonsil or the tonsils.
trauma a body wound or shock produced by sudden physical injury, as from violence or accident.
triage the process of sorting victims, as of a battle or disaster, to determine medical priority in order to increase the number of survivors.
viral of, pertaining to, or caused by a virus.
Created by: 312551