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LOM Chapter 1

Language of Medicine 7th Edition - Chapter 1 Terminology

hemat/o blood
-logy study of
hepat/o liver
-itis inflammation of
-ilium part of the pelvis (hip bone)
-ileum part of the small intestine
urethra tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
ureter one of two tubes each leading from a single kidney and inserting into the urinary bladder
root foundation of the word
suffix word ending
combining vowel links the root to the suffix or the root to another root
electr/o electricity
cardi/o heart
-gram record
gastr/o stomach
enter/o intestines (usually the small intestine)
combining form the root plus the combining vowel
prefix a small part that is attached to the beginning of a term
-ic pertaining to
epi- above, upon
aden/o gland
-oma tumor, mass, swelling
arthr/o joint
bi/o life
-opsy process of viewing
carcin/o cancerous, cancer
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
-al pertaining to
cis/o to cut
-ion process
crin/o secrete (to form and give off)
endo- within
ex- out
cyst/o urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst (sac containg fluid)
-scopy process of visually examining
cyt/o cell
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
encephal/o brain
erythr/o red
-cyte cell
-ectomy excision or removal
gnos/o knowledge
dia- through, complete
gynec/o woman, female
hem/o blood
-globin protein
iatr/o treatment
-genic pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in
leuk/o white
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
onc/o tumor
opthalm/o eye
-scope instrument to visually examine
-ist one who specializes in a field of medicine
oste/o bone
path/o disease condition
ped/o child
psych/o mind
radi/o x-rays
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
sarc/o flesh
sect/o to cut
thromb/o clot, clotting
-osis condition, usually abnormal (slight increase in numbers when used with blood cells)
ur/o urinary tract, urine
-al pertaining to
-algia pain
-emia blood condition
-ical pertaining to
-ion process
-sis state of
-tomy process of cutting, incision
-y process, condition
a- no, not, without
an- no, not, without
auto- self
exo- out
hyper- excessive, above, more than normal
hypo- deficient, below, under, less than normal
in- into, in
peri- surrounding, around
pro- before, forward
re- back, backward, again
retro- behind
sub- below, under
trans- across, through
Created by: groffja