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Stack #114625

anat ch. 7 thoracic cage and vertebral column

QuestionAnswer
What is the ribcage also called? The thoracic cage.
What does the thoracic cage protect and support? Heart and lungs.
What is the breast bone also called? The sternum.
What three bones make up the sternum, from superior to inferior? Thw maubrium, gladiolus (body), and the zyphoid process.
What are the costae? The ribs.
What is the cartilage associated with the ribs? The costal cartilages.
What are the two types of ribs? The true ribs and the false ribs.
What are the true ribs? They are nos. 1 thru 7 and they articulate directly with the sternum.
What are the false ribs? Ribs 8 to 12, 8 to 10 are attached to the costal cartilage of rib 7.
Which ribs are the floating ribs? Ribs 11 and 12 have no anterior attachment.
From the posterior end to the anterior end, what are the parts of the rib? Head, neck, tubercle, and shaft.
What are the parts of the vetebral column, from superior to inferior? Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal.
What are the curvatures of the vertebral column, sperior to inferior? Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral.
What is the function of the curvature of the vertebral column? It increases the strength of the column.
Where are the invertebral discs? Between the discs.
What is the body of a vertebra? Round anterior part.
What is the arch posterior to the body of a vertabra? The vertebral arch.
Which part of the arch is anterior and which is posterior? Pedicles are anterior and laminae are posterior.
Which foramen contains the spinal cord? The vertebral foramen.
What does "processes" mean? "Sticks out"
What are the three processes associated with the vertebae? Transverse, spinous, and articular.
Which process is located between the pedicles and lamina? The transverse process.
Which porcess is posterior to the vertebral foramen? The spinous process.
What happens at the superior and inferior articular processes? The vertebrae come together here.
What is the smooth surface on the articular processes called? The articular facets.
What foramen is unique to the cervival vertebrae? The transverse foramen.
What is C1 also called? The atlas.
What two arches make up the atlas? The anterior and posterior arch.
What is C2 also called? The axis.
What part of the axis is "the tooth?" The dens.
What does it mean that C1 thru C6 have "bifid" spinous processes? The spinous process is split in two.
Where is the vertebra prominens? On C7, the very prominent spinous process.
How many thoracic vertebrae are there? 12.
What are two physical features of the thoracic vetebraes spinous processes? They are very long and they point inferiorly.
What facets articulate with the ribs? The costal (rib) facets.
Where are the costal facets. There are two on body of the thoracic vertebrae
What are the two demifacets and where are they located? Superior and inferior demifacet, located on the body of the thoracic vertebrae.
What does "demi" mean? Half.
Does the transverse process have a costal facet? Yes.
Which vetebrae have short, thick processes and are also the largest vertebrae? The lumbar vertebrae.
What is unique about the vertebral foramen of the lumbar vertebrae? It is triangular.
What are the fused vertebrae inferior of L5 collectively called? The sacrum.
What process of the sacrum articulates with the last lumbar vertebrae? The articular processes.
What are the fusion lines of the sacrum called? Transverse lines.
What part of the sacrum is named after the ear, which it somewhat resembles? The auricular surface.
What are the horns on the coccyx called? The coccygeal cornu.
Created by: justinjune28