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CPC Ch. 2- Endocrine

CPC ch 2-Endocrine System

QuestionAnswer
Adren/o, Adrenal/o Adrenal gland, epinephrine
Adrenocortic/o Adrebal Cortex
Endocrin/o Endocrine glands or system
Hypophys/o Pituitary gland
Insul/o Pancreatic Islets
Papathr/o, Parathyroid/o Parathyroid gland
Pituitar/o Pituitary Gland, Hypophysis
Thr/o, thyroid/o Thyroid gland
Endocrinologist Physician specializing in diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the endocrine system.
Euthyroid Normal thyroid gland activity
Glandular Pertaining to a gland
Hyperkalemia Excessive amounts of potassium in the blood.
Hyperthyroidism Excessive secretion of thyroid hormone.
Hypothyroidism Deficient secretion of the thyroid hormone
Insulin hormone secreted by the beta cells in the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas, regulates energy and glucose metabolism. Also used in management of diabetes
Parathyroid Gland located behind the thyroid gland
Thymitis Inflammation of the thymus gland
Thyroiditis Inflammation of the thyroid gland
Thyrotoxicosis Condition caused by excess thyroid hormone, often due to hyperactivity of the thyroid gland.
What is the 6 organs of the endocrine system? Adrenal Gland, Carotid Body, Parathyroid Gland, Pituitary Gland, Thymus Gland, Thyroid Gland.
Adrenal Gland Located near the top of the kidney. Cortex secretes several steroids and medulla secretes epi and norepinephrine.
Carotid Body Epithelial like cells located on each sidee of the body at the division of the common carotid artery. regulated respiration and ph balance.
Parathyroid Gland Small round bodies located on the posterior side of the thyroid gland. regulate calcium and phosphorus metabolism
Pituitary Gland hypophysis. Posterior part of the gland secretes a hormone for uterine contraction and "let down" reflex of milk. The anterior releases thyroid stimulation hormone (TSH) etc.
Thymus Gland Composed of lymphoid tissue located in the chest area. regulated circulation defenses. By puberty, it may be replaced by fat.
Thyroid Gland Bi-lobe ductless gland located in the neck. Regulates metabolism and serum calcium levels.
Created by: cyndimarie21