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CPC Ch. 2- Musculos

CPC ch 2-Musculoskeletal System

Name all 5 classified bone shapes Long (tubular), Short (cuboidal), Sesamoid, Flat, Irregular.
Name parts of the Axial Skeleton Skull, hyoid and cervical spine, ribs, sternum, vertebrae, sacrum
Name parts of the Appendicular Skeleton Shoulder girdle, Pelvis girdle, Extremities.
Closed Fracture Does not involve a break in the skin
Compound Fracture Proects through the skin
Comminuted Fracture Shatter-affected part into bony fragments
Transverse Fracture Breaks shaft of a one across the lonitudinal axis.
Greenstick Fracture Only one side of shaft is broken, and other is bent; common in children.
Spiral Fracture Spread along length of bone and produced by twisting stress.
Colles' Fracture Occurs in wrist and affects the distal radius bone
Compression Fracture Vertebrae collapse due to trauma, tumor, or osteoporosis.
Epiphyseal Fracture Occurs when matrix is calcifying and chondrocytes are dying; usually seen in children.
Name the 3 types of Muscles Skeletal Muscle, Cardiac Muscle, Smooth Muscle.
Ankylosis Condition of steffening of a joint
Arthralgia Pain in joint
Arthritis Inflammation of a joint
Arthrodesis Surgical fixation of a joint
Arthropathy Joint disease
Brusitis Inflammation of a bursa
Carpal Pertaining to the wrist bones
Chondral Pertaining to cartilage
Chondralgia Pain around and in the cartilage
Coccygeal Pertaining to the coccyx
Dactylic Pertaining to finger or toe
Femoral Pertaining to femur and thigh bone
lliac Pertaining to the ilium
Kyphosis Abnormal curvature of thoracic spine (hum-back)
Lordosis Abnormal anterior curvature of spine, usually lumbar.
Metacarpal Bones of the hand
Osteoblast Bone forming cell
Osteocarcinoma Cancerous tumor of bone
Osteochondritis Inflammation of bone and cartilage
Osteopenia Lower than average bone density, can be a precursor to osteoporosis.
Osteorrhaphy Suture of bone
Patellar Pertaining to patella
Phalangeal Bones of the fingers and toes
Scoliosis Lateral curvature of spine
sternotomy urgical incision of sternum
Tendonitis Inflammation of tendon.
Ton/o tone, pressure
Erg/o work
Created by: cyndimarie21