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structural kinesiolo

anatomy

QuestionAnswer
Definition Kinesiology the study of human movement from 3 fields physical science. Mechanics: biomechanics Musculoskeletal anatomy Neuromuscular Physiology
Who Study Kinesiology Physical therapy, athletic training, orthopedic, physical ed & personal training
Reasons to Study Kinesiology Teach safety, Study/teach gait, posture
5 components to teaching/analyzing movement 1. Describing-logical/systematic a. preparatory b. Central c. Terminal
5 components to teaching/analyzing movement (2) 2. performing movement 3. practicing. client practices 4. observe and evaluate 5. prescribe/correct
structural kinesiology - the story of muscles
anatomical position most widely used and accurate for all aspects of the human body. person stands upright facing straight ahead
fundamental position essentially the same as the other reference exposition except the arms are at the sides and the palms are facing the body
Bones vary in size/shape
Joints a place where bones meet and are attached to each other and to muscles. Vary in structure and function.
Muscles vary greatly-size 600+ muscles in body.
Reference Lines: Midaxillary line a line running vertically down the surface of the body passing through the apex of the armpit)
anterior axillary line is parallel to the mid-axillary line and passes through the anterior axillary skinfold
posterior axillary line parallel to the mid-axillary line and passes through the posterior axillary skinfold
mid-clavicular line runs vertically down the surface of the body passing through the midpoint of the clavicle
mid-inguinal point point midway between the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) and the pubic symphysis
Anterior In front or in the front part
Anteroinferior In front and below
Anterolateral In front and to the outside
Anteromedial In front and to the inner side or midline
Anteroposterior Relating to both front and rear
Anterosuperior In front and above
Bilateral Relating to the right and left sides of the body or of a body structure such as the right and left extremities
Caudal Below in relation to another structure; inferior
Cephalic Above in relation to another structure; superior
Contralateral Pertaining or relating to the opposite side
Deep Beneth or below the surface; used to describe relative depth or location of muscles or tissue
Dexter situated to the right or on right side of something
Distal Situated away from the center or midline of the body, or away from the point or origin
Dorsal (dorsum) Relating tot he back, being or located near, on, or toward the back, posterior part, or upper surface
Inferior (Infra) Below in relation to another structure; caudal
Inferolateral Below and to the outside
Inferomedial Below and toward the midline or inside
Inferomedial Below and toward the midline or inside
Ipsilateral On the same side
Ipsilateral On the same side
Lateral On or to the side; outside, farther frm the median or midsagittal plane
Lateral On or to the side; outside, farther frm the median or midsagittal plane
Medial Relating to the middle or center; nearer to the median or midsagittal plane
Medial Relating to the middle or center; nearer to the median or midsagittal plane
Median Relating to, located in, or extending toward the middle, situated in the middle, mesial
Median Relating to, located in, or extending toward the middle, situated in the middle, mesial
Palmar Relating to the palm or volar aspect of the hand
Palmar Relating to the palm or volar aspect of the hand
Plantar relating to the sole or undersurface of the foot
Plantar relating to the sole or undersurface of the foot
Posterior Behind, in back, or in the rear
Posterior Behind, in back, or in the rear
Posteroinferior Behind and below; in back and below
Posteroinferior Behind and below; in back and below
Posterolateral Behind and to one side, specifcally ot the outside
Posterolateral Behind and to one side, specifcally ot the outside
Posteromedial Behind and to the inner side
Posteromedial Behind and to the inner side
Posterosuperior Behind and at the upper part
Posterosuperior Behind and at the upper part
Prone Face downward position of the body; stomach lying
Prone Face downward position of the body; stomach lying
Proximal Nearest the trunk or the point of origin
Proximal Nearest the trunk or the point of origin
Sinister situated to left
Superficial Near the surface; used to describe relative depth or location of muscles or tissue
Superficial Near the surface; used to describe relative depth or location of muscles or tissue
Superior (supra) Above in relation to another structure; higher, cephalic
Superolateral Above and to the outside
Superomedial Above and toward the midline or inside
Supine Lying on the back; face upward position of the body
Ventral Relating to the belly or abdomen, on or toward the front, anterior part of
Volar Relating to palm of the hand or sole of the foot
Anteversion abnormal or excessive rotation forward of a structure (Alignment Variation Terminiology)
kyphosis increased curving of the spine outward or backward in the sagittal plane (Alignment Variation Terminiology)
lordosis increased curving of the spine inward or forward in the sagittal plane (Alignment Variation Terminiology)
recurvatum bending backward, as in knee hyperextension (Alignment Variation Terminiology)
retroversion abnormal or excessive rotation backward of a structure (Alignment Variation Terminiology)
scoliosis lateral curving of the spine (Alignment Variation Terminiology)
valgus outward angulation of the distal segment of a bone or joint, as in knock-knees (Alignment Variation Terminiology)
varus inward angulation of the distal segment of a bone or joint, as in bowlegs (Alignment Variation Terminiology)
Created by: eliegirl