Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Bases: Med. Term.

Medical Terminology from Greek and Latin Roots. Bases. (GREEK in all caps)

BaseDefinitionCorresponding Latin Noun
abdomin- abdomen
ACROMI- acromion, the extremity of the shoulder
ADEN- gland
adip- fat
AER- air, gas
al- wing, any wing-like structure f. ala, -ae
alb- white
alveol- alveoli, terminal air sacs m. alveolus, -i
AMBLY- dull, dim, blunt (blank)
AMNI-, AMNION- amnion; amniotic fluid (blank)
AMYL- starch (blank)
an- anus (blank)
ANDR- male, man (blank)
ANGI- (blood) vessel, duct (blank)
anter- before, in the forward part (blank)
aort-, aortic- aorta f. aorta, -ae
ARTHR- joint (blank)
articul- joint f. articultio, articulationis
ASTRAGAL- ankle, bones of teh ankle joint m. astragalus, -i
atri- atrium (a chamber of the heart) n. atrium, -i
aur- ear (blank)
AUX- increase (blank)
bacill- rod, rod-shaped bacterium m. bacillus, -i
BAR- weight, pressure (blank)
BAS- bse, basic (i.e. non-acidic) (blank)
BI- life; living organism, microbe (blank)
bil-, bili- bile (blank)
BLAST- precursor cell; primitive cell or layer (blank)
BLENN- mucus (blank)
BLEPHAR- eyelid (blank)
BRACHI- slow (blank)
BRONCH- bronchus (major airway within the lungs) m. bronchus, -i
BRONCHIOL- bronchiole (smaller airways in the lungs) m. bronchiolus, -i
bucc- cheek f. bucca, -ae
burs- fluid-filled sac, bursa f. bursa, -ae
calc-, calci- calcium (blank)
calcane- heel bone m. calcaneus, -i
capil- capillary (blank)
CARCIN- cancer (blank)
CARDI- heart (blank)
CARDI- cardiac (proximal) portion of stomach (blank)
CARP- wrist, bones of the wrist m. carpus, -i
caud- tail, lower end of the body (blank)
cec-, caec- cecum n. cecum, -i
CELI- abdomen (blank)
centr- center (blank)
CEPHAL- head (blank)
cerebell- cerebellum, posteroinferior portion of brain; "little brain" n. cerebellum, -i
cerebr- cerebrum, largest portion of brain; cerebral hemispheres; brain n. cerebrum, -i
cervic- neck f. cervix, cervicis
cervic- cervix of the uterus cervix uteri
CHEIL- lips (blank)
CHEM- chemical, chemistry (blank)
CHIER-, CHIR- hand (blank)
CHLOR- green (blank)
CHOLE-, CHOL- bile (blank)
CHOLECYST- gall bladder (blank)
CHONDR- cartilage, costal cartilage (blank)
CHOLEDOCH- common bile duct (blank)
CHROM-, CHROMAT- color, pigment (blank)
CHRON- time (blank)
CIRRH- orangish-yellow, tawny (blank)
clavicul- clavicle, collar bone f. clavicula, -ae
CLEID- clavicle (blank)
CLON- clone, genetically identical descendent of a single parent cell, to produce such progeny (blank)
cocc- spherical bacterium m. coccus, -i
COL- colon, large intestine (blank)
COLL-, COLLA- glue (blank)
COLP- vagina (blank)
CONI- dust (blank)
conjunctiv- conjunctive; the mucous membrane covering the eyeball f. conjunctiva, -ae
COPR- feces; filthy, dirty (blank)
cord- heart n. cor, cordis
CORE-, COR- pupil of the eye (blank)
corne- cornea f. cornea, -ae
cort-, cortic- cortex, outer layer of a structure or organ (blank)
cost- rib f costa, -ae
cox- hip bone, the hip joint (in general) f. coxa, -ae
crani- skull n. cranium, -i
CRY-, CRYM- cold (blank)
CRYPT- secret, hidden (blank)
cupr- copper (blank)
cut-, cutane- skin (blank)
CYAN- blue (blank)
CYCL- ciliary body of the eye; ring, circle, cycle (blank)
CYST- cyst, any small fluid-filled sac; urinary bladder (blank)
CYT- cell (blank)
DACRY- tears (blank)
DACTYL- finger (blank)
DEM- a people, a population (blank)
dent- tooth m. dens, dentis
DERM-, DERMAT- skin (blank)
DESM- fibrous connection, ligament (blank)
dextr- right (blank)
dist- remote, distant, farther from the attached end (blank)
dors- back, back surface (blank)
duct- to lead, bring, convey (blank)
duoden- duodenum m. duodenum, -i
DYNAM- force, energy, power (blank)
EMBRY-, EMBRYON- embryo (in humans, the unborn offspring up to 8 weeks of development) (blank)
ENCEPHAL- brain (blank)
ENTER- (small) intestine (blank)
EOS- dawn; bright red or pink color (blank)
EPIDIDYM- epididymis (blank)
EPISI- the vulva (blank)
ERYTHR- red (blank)
ESOPHAG- esophagus (blank)
ESTHES- to feel, perceive, sense (blank)
EURY- wide, broad (blank)
extern- outside (blank)
faci- face; surface f. facies, -ei
fasci- band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue f. fascia, -ae
febr- fever (blank)
femor- thigh bone m. femur, femoris
fer-, lat- to bear, carry, bring (blank)
fet- fetus (in humans, teh unborn offspring from 8 weeks of development until birth) (blank)
fibr- fiber, fibrous connective tissue (blank)
fibul- outer bone of the leg f. fibula, -ae
flav- yellow (blank)
flect-, flex- to bend (blank)
front- forehead; (sometimes) frontal bone, sinus, or lobe of brain (blank)
fus- to pour (blank)
GAM- marriage, sexual union; gamete, reproductive cell (blank)
GAMET- gamete, reproductive cell (blank)
GANGLI- ganglion, cluster of nerve cells (blank)
GASTR- stomach (blank)
GEN-, GENE- to come into being, produce (blank)
GENI-, GENY- cheek, chin, jaw (blank)
genu- knee (blank)
GER-, GERONT- old age, elderly person (blank)
gest- to bear, carry, be pregnant (blank)
GEUS- to taste (blank)
gingiv- gums f. gingiva, -ae
GLAUC- blue-gray, green-gray (blank)
GLI- glia, "glue," supporting cells of nervous system (blank)
glob- round body, ball (blank)
glomerul glomerulus, (filtering apparatus of the kidney) (blank)
GLOSS- tongue (blank)
GLUC- glucose (blank)
GLYC- glucose; sweetness; (occasionally as abbreviation) glycogen (blank)
GNATH- jaw (blank)
GON- seed; reproduction (blank)
GON-, GONAT-, GONY- knee (blank)
GONAD- gonad; seed (blank)
granul- little grain, particle (blank)
GRAPH- to write (blank)
gravid- to be pregnant (blank)
GYN-, GYNE-, GYNEC- woman, female (blank)
HELMINTH- parasitic worm (blank)
HEM-, HEMAT- blood (blank)
HEPAT-, HEPATIC liver n. hepar, hepatis
HIST-, HISTI- tissue (blank)
humer- bone of upper arm; shoulder m. humeus, -i
HYAL- glassy, vitreous (blank)
HYDR- water, fluid (blank)
HYGR- moisture (blank)
HYPN- to sleep (blank)
HYSTER- uterus (blank)
IATR- physician, medicine, treatment (blank)
ile- ileum n, ileum, -i
ili- uppermost portion of the hip bone n. ilium, -i
immun- immunity; the immune system, defense against infection; antibodies (blank)
infer- below, in the lower part of (blank)
intern- inside, within (blank)
IR-, IRID- iris (blank)
IS- equal, same, alike (blank)
ISCHI- lowermost portion of the hip bone, "seat bone" n. ischium, -i
jejun- jejunum n. jejunum, -i
kal-, kali- potassium (blank)
KARY- nucleus (blank)
KERAT- cornea, transparent tissue of the anterior eyeball (blank)
KIN-, KINES- to move (blank)
labi- lips n. labium, -i
LABYRINTH- labyrinth, inner ear (blank)
later- side (blank)
LEI- smooth (blank)
LEMM- lemma, cover, sheath (blank)
LEPS-, LEPT- to take hold of; seizure (blank)
LEUK- white; white matter of nervous system (blank)
LEX- to read (blank)
lingu- tongue f. lingua, -ae
LIP- fat, lipid (blank)
LITH- stone, calculus (blank)
LOG- word, thought, reason(ing), study, logic (blank)
lumb- lower back, flank m. lumbus, -i
LY-, LYS- dissolution, lysis (blank)
LYMPH-, LYMPHAT- lymph (blank)
LYMPHADEN- lymph node (blank)
LYMPHANGI- lymphatic vessel (blank)
MACR- large (blank)
MAN- to be mad (blank)
mandibul- lower jaw bone, mandible f. mandibula, -ae
maxilla- upper jaw bone f. maxilla, -ae
MEAT- passage or canal; the external opening of such a passage (blank)
medi- middle, midline (blank)
MEGA-, MEGAL- large (blank)
MELAN- black, dark, pigment (blank)
men-, menstru- menses, menstrual bleeding; the monthly female reproductive cycle (blank)
MENING- meninges, membranes covering the central nervous system (blank)
ment- chin n, mentum, -i
MES- middle, midline (blank)
METR- uterus (blank)
MICR- small (blank)
morb- disease (blank)
mort- death mors, mortis
muc- mucus (blank)
muscul- muscle m. musculus, -i
mut-, muta-, mutat- to change (blank)
MY- muscle (blank)
MYC-, MYCET- fungus (blank)
MYEL- bone marrow; spinal cord (blank)
MYRING- tympanic membrane (blank)
MYX- mucus (blank)
nas- nose; nasal cavity; nasal bone m. nasus, -i
nasc-, nat- to be born (blank)
NATR- sodium (blank)
NECR- dead body, dead tissue (blank)
NEMA-, NEMAT- roundword (blank)
NEPHR- kidney (blank)
nerv- nerve m. nervus, -i
NEUR- nerve (blank)
niger-, nigr- black (blank)
NOS- disease (blank)
nucle- nucleus m. nucleus, -i
occipit- posterior portion of skull; occipital bone (blank)
ocul- eye m. oculus, -i
ODONT- tooth, teeth (blank)
OLIG- few, little (blank)
OMPHAL- umbilicus, navel; umbilical cord (blank)
ONC- tumor; bulk, volume (blank)
OO- egg, ovum (blank)
OOPHOR- ovary (blank)
op-, ops-, opt- vision, seeing (blank)
OPHTHALM- eye (blank)
or- mouth n. os, oris
ORCHI-, ORCHID- testes (blank)
ORTH- straight (blank)
OSPHR- to smell (blank)
oss-, osse- bone n. os, ossis
OSTE-, OST- bone (blank)
OT- ear (blank)
ovari- ovary (blank)
ovi-, ovo- ovum (blank)
ovul- to realease an egg, ovulate (blank)
OX-, OXY- sharp, acute; rapid; acid; oxygen (blank)
palat- palate, roof of the mouth n. palatum, -i
PAN-, PANT- all, whole, entire; widespread (blank)
PANCREAT-, PANCREATIC- pancreas (blank)
papill- nipple-like projection f. papilla, -ae
par-, part- to bear, give birth (to) (blank)
pariet- wall, posterolateral portion of skull; corresponding lobe of brain (blank)
patell- kneecap f. patella, -ae
PATH- disease, suffering (blank)
pector- chest, breast n. pectus, pectoris
PED- child (from pais, paidis) (blank)
pelv- basin-like structure f. pelvis, pelvis
pen- penis (blank)
PEPTID- peptide (chain of two or more amino acids); peptide bond (-CO-NH- bond) (blank)
PHAG- to eat (blank)
PHALANG- any bone of a finger or toe f. phalanx, phalangis
PHALL- penis (blank)
PHARMAC- drugs, medicine (blank)
PHARYNG- throat f. pharynx, pharyngis
PHAS- to speak (blank)
PHLEB- vein (blank)
PHON- voice, sound (blank)
PHOT- light (blank)
PHRAS- to speak (blank)
PHREN- mind; diaphragm (blank)
PHREN-, PHRENIC- diaphragm; phrenic nerve (blank)
PHYT- plant; microorganism of the plant kingdom (blank)
placent- placenta (blank)
PLAS-, PLAST- to form, develop (blank)
PLASM- plasma (fluid portion of the blood) (blank)
PLEUR- pleura (membrane surrounding the lungs) f. pleura, -ae
PNEUM-, PNEUMAT- air (blank)
PNEUMON-, PNEUM lung (blank)
POIKOL- varied, irregular (blank)
POLI- gray; gray matter of nervous system (blank)
POLY- many (blank)
POR- passage, opening, pore (blank)
poster- behind, in the back part of (blank)
PROCT- rectum (blank)
PROSTAT- prostate gland (blank)
proxim- next to, nearer to the attached end (blank)
PSEUD- false, lying, deceptive resemblance (blank)
PSYCH- mind, soul, psyche (blank)
PT- droop, fall, sag (blank)
pub- pubic bone n. os pubis, ossis pubis
pulm-, pulmon- lung (blank)
pupil- pupil of the eye f. pupilla, -ae
pur-, purul- pus (blank)
PY- pus (blank)
PYEL- renal pelvis (blank)
PYLOR- pylorus, distal portion of stomach m. pylorus, -i
PYRET- fever (blank)
RACHI-, RACHID- spine (blank)
radi- outer bone of the forearm m. radius, -i
rect- rectum n. rectum, -i
ren- kidney (blank)
retin- retina f. retina, -ae
RHABD- rod, rod-shaped (blank)
RHIN- nose (blank)
RHIZ- root (blank)
RHOD- rosy, pink (blank)
RHYTHM- rhythm (blank)
rub-, rubr- red (blank)
SACCHAR- sugar, saccharide (blank)
sacr- bone of caudal vertebral column n. (os) sacrum, -i
SALPING- fallopian tube; oviduct (blank)
sanguin-, sangui- blood (blank)
SARC- flesh, muscular substance (blank)
scapul- shoulder blade f. scapula, -ae
SCHIZ-, SCHIST- to divide (blank)
SCLER- hard (blank)
SCOLI- twisted, crooked, curved (blank)
SCOP- to look (blank)
scrip(t)-, scrib- to write (blank)
semin- seed; semen (blank)
sept- septum n. septum, -i
ser- serum (blank)
SIAL- saliva (blank)
SIDER- iron (blank)
silic- silica, silicon dioxide (blank)
sin-, sinus- cavity, space m. sinus, -us
sinistr- left, on the left side (blank)
SOM-, SOMAT- the human body; any "body" or self-contained mass; (abbreviation for) chromosome (blank)
somn-, somni- sleep (blank)
SPERM-, SPERMA-, SPERMAT- seed; spermatazoa, semen (blank)
SPHYGM- pulse (blank)
spin- spine, spinal column, spinal process or projection (blank)
spir- to breathe (blank)
SPLANCH- internal organ (blank)
SPLEN- spleen (blank)
SPONDYL- vertebra (blank)
SPOR- seed, spore (blank)
squam- scale; thin plate of bone (blank)
STAL-, STOL- to send (blank)
STAPHYL- bunch of grapes; the bacterial genus Staphylococcus (blank)
STEAR-, STEAT- fat (blank)
STEN- narrow (blank)
STERC-, STERCOR- feces (blank)
STERN- breastbone n. sternum, -i
STHEN- strength (blank)
STOM-, STOMAT- mouth (blank)
STREPT- twisted; the bacterial genus Streptococcus (blank)
super- above, in the upper part of (blank)
SYNDESM- ligament (blank)
TACHY- quick, fast (blank)
tal- ankle, bone of the ankle joint m. talus, -i
TARS- instep of the foot, bones of the instep m. tarsus, -i
TAX- order, arrangement, coordination (blank)
TEL-, TELE- end, completion (blank)
tempor- temples; anterolateral portion of skull n. tempus, temporis
TEN-, TENON-, TENONT- tendon (blank)
tend-, tendin- tendon m, tendo, tendinis
TENS-, TENSI- tension, stretching, tone (blank)
TERAT- abnormal development (blank)
test-, testicul- testes, testicle(s) (blank)
THALAM- "chamber," thalamus m. thalamus, -i
THANAT- death (blank)
THEC- cover, sheath (blank)
THERM- heat; temperature (blank)
THORAC- chest m. thorax, thoracis
THROMB- clot; platelet (as abbreviation of thrombocyte) (blank)
tibi- shinbone, inner bone of the leg f. tibia, -ae
TOC- childbirth, labor (blank)
TOM- to cut, separate (blank)
TON- tone, tension, pressure (blank)
TOP- place (blank)
TOX- poison (blank)
TRACHE- trachea (major airway outside lungs) f. trachea, -ae
tract- to draw, drag m. tractus, tractus
TROPH- growth, nourishment (blank)
TYMPAN- tympanic membrane (blank)
uln- elbow, medial bone of the forearm f. ulna, -ae
URAN- palate, roof of the mouth (blank)
URE-, UREA-, UR-, URIN- urine (blank)
URETER- ureter (tube which conducts urine from the kidneys to the bladder) (blank)
URETHR- urethra (tube which conducts urine from the bladder to the external surface) (blank)
uter- uterus (blank)
uvul- uvula f. uvula, -ae
vagin- the vagina; any "sheath" structure (blank)
valv-, valvul- valve
vas- (blood) vessel, duct n. vas, vasis (irregular gen. pl. = vasorum)
vas- duct, vas deferens (blank)
ven- vein f. vena, -ae
ventr- belly, front surface (blank)
ventricul- ventricle n. ventriculum, -i
vers-, vert- to turn (blank)
vertebr- bone of the spinal column f. vertebra, -ae
vesic- bladder; any vesicle (a small sac containing liquid or gas) (blank)
vir-, viru-, virid- virus (blank)
viscer- internal organ, viscus n. viscus, visceris
vulv- vulva, female external genitalia (blank)
XANTH- yellow (blank)
XER- dry (blank)
ZO- animal, lving thing (blank)
ZYG- yoke, joining, pairing (blank)
ZYM- fermentation; enzyme (blank)
ALLO- other, differing from normal (blank)
DIPLO- double (blank)
HAPLO- single (blank)
HETERO- different, differing from normal (blank)
HOMO-, HOMEO- the same, alike (blank)
THIO- sulfur (blank)
NEO- new (blank)
Created by: vjbutterflyz
Popular Anatomy sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards