Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Midterm Review

Machiavelli wrote The Prince ~ civic humanist ~ wrote to get back in the de Medici's good graces ~ whatever means necessary ~ function of ruler=maintain order and security
Thomas Malthus wrote Essay on the Principle of Population ~ population would tend to grow faster than the food supply ~ population should be restrained by marrying later in life
David Ricardo "iron law of wages" ~ population growth caused wages to stay at the subsistence level
Otto von Bismarck one of the most significant political figures in German history since Martin Luther ~ Prussian minister and imperical chancellor ~ used realpolitik to unify Germany ~ nicknamed "Iron Chancellor"
Thomas More Utopia ~ wrote about human corruption
Erasmus knowledge of Greek and the Bible ~ The Praise of Folly-satire of worldly wisdom and plea for Christian faith of children ~ addition to the Greek New Testament ~ 2 themes: education to return and study Bible and classics; Christianity is an inner attitude
Leonardo da Vinci "Renaissance Man" ~ multitalented engineer, inventor, sculptor, and painter
Jean Jacques Rousseau Swiss-French ~ wrote The Social Contract ~ wanted direct democracy in which every citizen works to achieve a "general will"
Jean-Baptiste Colbert French financial minister ~ genius ~ central principle: wealth and economy should serve the state (mercantilism)
Lorenzo de'Medici wealthy banking family who ruled in Florence as an oligarchy ~ produced 3 popes and sponsored Brunelleschi
Martin Luther wrote "95 Theses on the Power of Indulgences" ~ an ordained priest ~ professor at University of Wittenberg ~ started the Lutheran religion ~ Diet of Worms-wouldn't take back his ideas which named him a heretic
Robespierre on Committee of Public Safety ~ led Reign of Terror (1793-94) ~ leader of radical Jacobins ~ eventually guillotined
Klemins von Metternich Austrian diplomat ~ principal negotiation and dominant mentor of the Congress of Vienna ~ supported restoration of monarchy ~ stifled liberalism and rationalism ~ Austrian
Napoleon Bonaparte general in the French Army ~ leader in the 1799 coup to overthrow the Directory ~ eventual emperor of the French Empire
Johann Gutenbuerg inventor of the printing press and Gutenberg Bible
Magellan Portuguese mariner ~ sailed across the Pacific Ocean and named it ~ circumnavigated the world ~ left with 5 ships and 270 men: returned with 1 ship and 18 men
Baron de Montesquieu The Persian Letters - socail satire consisting of letters written by Usbek and Rica, two visitors ~ The Spirit of Laws - seperation of powers between classes
Cardinal Mazarin chief minister for the 4 year old, Louis XIV - tried to increase royal revenues to meet the cost of war.
John Calvin believed God selected him to reform the church ~ built a religion ruled by God through civil magistrates and reformed ministers ~ wrote The Institutes of Christian Religion ~ absolute sovereighty of God and total weakness of humanity
John Locke Second Treatise of Civil Government ~ government oversteps natural rights of life, liberty, and property ~ The Essay Concerning Human Understanding - tubula roussa blank slate
Adam Smith Scottish economist ~ laissez - faire ~ invisible hand; competition regulates; Wealth of Nations
Name each of the three estates 1. First Estate – clergy Second Estate – nobility Third Estate – peasantry/everyone else
Galileo 2. He was charged with heresy in 1633 because he supported Copernicus’s idea of a heliocentric universe in his “Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems.” He was put in house arrest for life.
Women's role in society 3. Lots of women went into the field of science but were excluded from universities, so they were forced to obtain a formal education. European noble women could take part in the informal scientific networks of their fathers and brothers. Margaret Cavend
Who built the palace of Versailles Louis XIV built the palace at Versailles in 1682.
War of roses 5. War of the Roses was between Lancaster (red) and York (white) for the throne of England. Lancaster’s Henry Tutor won. 1455-1485
Thomas more Thomas Moore wrote Utopia which is based on human corruption.
7. The French monarchy was bankrupt after expensive wars. Louis XVI had to call the state’s general which made them seem weak. A rebellion ignited in the lower and middle classes and the monarchy couldn’t pay troops to squash the rebellion.
Adam smith 8. Adam Smith supported the concept of the invisible hand which was that the government didn’t intervene in the economy except to see that laws were being followed. Competition regulated the market.
Finance and trade center in 17 century 9. Amsterdam was the center of finance and trade in the early 17th century.
Edict of Nantes 10. The Edict of Nantes granted the ability to publicly worship Calvinism which helped to restore peace to France and paved the way for French Absolutism.
Communism 11. Communism is a classless society in which everyone contributes according to his own ability and receives according to his needs. He believed that all governments and society would become communist after capitalism.
Iron and blood by speech 12. Bismarck’s speech marks the beginning of modern imperialism which reflected the attitude that war was more important to the state democracy.
Communist manifesto 13. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels co-authored Communist Manifesto.
Congress of Vienna purpose 14. The Congress of Vienna was created to establish country boundaries, decided who would rule, and discuss the future of international relations.
C of V participants Russia – Tsar Alexander I Prussia – King Frederick William III England – Charles Talleyrand France – Viscount Castlereagh Austria – Klemins von Metternich (main negotiator and dominant member)
Franco Prussian • Conflict between France and Prussia • Rise of Prussian militarism and imperialism • Provoked by Bismarck • Used as a tool to unify Germany • France lost • Treaty of Frankfurt
Austro Prussian • Seven weeks war • Prussia won • Orchestrated by Bismarck to unify the northern German states • Treaty of Prague
Danish war • Military conflict between Prussia and Austria versus Denmark • First step in Bismarck’s building of a German empire • Treaty of Vienna
Quad alliance Austria, Prussia, Russia, England
Holy Alliance Austria, Prussia, Russia
Significance of 1848 rev 17. 1848 was the point in history where history failed to turn because of all the failed revolutions.
Enclosure movement the subdivision of common land for individual ownership in England.
Continental system prevented European countries from trading with Great Britain in an order to weaken the British economy but actually weakened the European mainland because they couldn’t get what England produced.
How did Napoleon get into office 20. Napoleon was a general in the army, so he gathered his division and enacted the coup d’état and overthrew the Directory.
Moderate stage - d (1789-1792)
Moderate stage replaces monarchy with the republic (Tennis Court Oath, Storming of the Bastille, Declaration of the Rights of Man)
Radical dates (1793-1794)
Radical stage Eliminate monarchists (Reign of Terror, September Massacres)
Reactionary date (1795-1799)
Reactionary stage Getting rid of Robespierre (Thermidorian Reaction, Directory)
Napoleonic date (1800-1815)
Napoleonic stage Napoleonic Empire
Glorious rev the king served at the pleasure of parliament, religious toleration for all Protestants, and William and Mary were forced to sign the English Bill of Rights.
Thirty year war 23. Bohemian (1618-1625), Danish (1625-1629), Swedish (1630-1635), French (1635-1648)
Star chamber to enforce a religious or ideological dogma by prosecuting and punishing heretics. the Spanish carried it out the harshly.
Dutch east India co 25. The Dutch East India Company controlled the Indian spice trade route. It was the first multinational company and the first company to issue stock.
Place Martin Luther posted 95 thesis+ complaints 26. Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses in Wittenberg, Germany. His main issue with the church was over indulgences and the idea that you could get into heaven by good works rather than by faith.
Why was Martin Luther considered a heretic? 27. The church didn’t agree with what Luther was saying, so they asked him to retract his statement but he declined. This caused the Edict of Worms to declare Luther a heretic.
Who supported artists? 28. Patrons
Qualities a govern should have 29. A Machiavellian ruler should maintain order and security, be feared rather than loved but not hated, and should use whatever means necessary to achieve his goals with a centralized government.
Who wrote the leviathan 30. Thomas Hobbes wrote the Leviathan. People in general are not good and need a governing body to be controlled. He had a pessimistic view of human nature.
Voltaire Satire ~ religious toleration ~ wrote philosophical letters ~ liked English stable government
Created by: spschoolstudy