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Chapter 15

Anatomy - - The Lymphatic System and Immunity

Lymph Is fluid formed in the tissue spaces
Lymphatic vessels Transport lymph to reenter the circulatory system
Interstital Fluid (IF) Liquid filtered out of the capillaries into microscopic spaces between tissue cells
Lymphatic Capillaries Network of tiny blind ended tubes distributed in the tissue space.
Right Lymphatic Duct Drains lymph from the upper right quarter of the body
Thoracic Duct Drains lymph from three quarters of the body
Cisterna Chyli Large pouch like structure of the thoracic duct in the abdomen that serves as a storage area for lymph
Lacteals Lymphatic capillaries in the wall of the small intestine - they transport fat obtained from food to the bloodstream
Lymphedema Abnormal tissue swelling because of accumulation of lymph.
Lymphangitis Vessel inflammation charaterized by thin red streaks extending from an infected region. (Blood poisioning)
Elephantiasis Caused by parasitic worms that block the flow of lymph
Lymph Nodes Filters lymph
Lymph Nodes perform what two important immune functions? Defense and white blood cell formation
Afferent Lymphatic vessels Where lymph enters the node (4 entrances)
Efferent Lymphatic vessel Where lymph exits the node (1 exit)
Lymphadenitis Swelling and tenderness of the nodes in the elbow and axillary regions
Two types of Lymphoma are? Hodgkin disease and non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Thymus Small lymphoid tissue organ located in the mediastinum
Thymosion Hormone secreted by the thymus
Palatine tonsils are located? In the mouth on each side of the throat
Pharyngeal tonsils are located? Are located at the back of the roof of the mouth
Lingual tonsils are located? near the base of the tongue
Tonsillitis is? Chronic infection of the tonsils
Spleen Filters the blood from bacteria and other foreign substances, destroys worn out RBCs and salvages iron found in hemoglobin for future use, and serves as a reservior for blood.
Splenomegaly is? Abnormal spleen enlargement
Created by: stainedglassmiss



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