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AP Human Religion

Chapter 6 Religion Vocab Human Geography

QuestionAnswer
Religion The service and worship of a higher power(s).
Animism belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events like thunderstorms and earthquakes have a discrete spirit and life.
Buddhism The third of the world's major universilizing religions,with many adherents in China and Southeast Asia. Teachings of Buddha represented in the concepts known as the 4 Noble Truths.
Cargo Cult Pilgramige Cargo Cult's believe western goods have been traded to them by ancestral spirits.
Christianity is a monothiestic religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament.
Confucianism Developed by Chinese man Confusious, is a complex system of moral, social, political, and religious thought.
Ethnic Religion a religion with a rather concentrated distribution whose principles are likely to be based ont he physical characteristics of the particular location where its adherents are located.
Enclave A country or part of a country that is mostly surrounded by the territory of another country.
Exclave Is one which is geographically seperated from the main part by surrounding alien territory.
Fundamentalism Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion.
Geomancy is a method of prediction that interprets markings on the ground, or how handfuls of land when someone tosses them. The Arabic tradition consists of sketching 16 random lines of dots in sand.
Hajj The pilgrimage to Mecca for Islam followers.
Hinduism Created in India with a billion followers where heavan isn't the ultimate goal in life.
Interfaith Boundaries the boundaries between the world's major religions, such as Christianity, Muslim, and Buddhaism.
Intrafaith Boundaries the boundaries within a major religion.
Islam Means, "submission to the will of God". It's a monothiestic religion orginating with the teachings of Muhammad- a key religious figure. 2nd largest religion in the world.
Jainism A religion adn philosophy orginating in ancient India, which stresses spiritual independence and equality thoughout life.
Judaism Religion of anicent Hebrews, said to be one of the first monotheistic faiths. They believe that Jesus was not the Messiah and they are still waiting for their Messiah to come.
Landscape fo the Dead The certain areas where people have commonly been buried.
Monothiesm Belief in one god.
Polytheism Belief in many gods.
Mormonism a term used to describe religious, ideological and cultural aspects of various denonminations if the Latter Day Saints movement.
Muslim Pilgramige The trip to Mecca if physically and fiancially able usually made during Ramadan
Muslim Population 1.3 billion people in the world. Prodominatly in the Middle East from North Africa and Centeral Asia. 1/2 of the population live 4 countries outside of the Middle East: Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and India.
Proselytic Religion Univeralizing religion, which attempt to be global and appeal to all people where ever they may live in the world, not just those of one culture or location.
Reincarnation The ides that in the afterlife you will come back in another life either as a plant, animal, or a human life, so what you do in life will affect what your next life is like.
Reincarnation The ides that in the afterlife you will come back in another life either as a plant, animal, or a human life, so what you do in life will affect what your next life is like.
Religion (groups, places) One group is universalizing religions: Christianity, Islam and Buddhaism which all have different branches of their own. The other group is Ethnic Religion: Hinduism, Daoism, and Confuciasm. Religions are spread throughout the world.
Religion (groups, places)
Religious Architectural Styles The architectural styles made by different religious groups.
Religious Conflict The conflicts between religions.
Religious Culture Hearth Where religions are born. Most major religions have come from the Middle East near Israel, but a few have come from India too.
Religious Toponym The origin and meaning of the names of religions.
Sacred Space The place where religious figures and congregations meet to perform religious ceremonies.
Secularism Belief that humans should be based on facts and not religious beliefs.
Shamanism The range of traditional beliefs and practices that claim the ablility to cure, heal and cause pain to people.
Sharia Law The legal framework within which public and some private aspects of life are regulated for those living in a legal system based on Muslim principles.
Shintoism (the way of god) A native religion of Japan and once its states religion. Involves worship of kami (god), not very signfigant and lost importance today.
Sikhism A religion that began in the 16th century Northern India, and the principle belief is faith in Vahlquril and emphasizes faith in god.
Sunni (Muslim) A branch of Islam that accepts the first 4 caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad.
Shia (Muslim) A branch of Islam that accepts Ali as the successor to Muhammad and rejects the first 3 caliphs.
Created by: skhampton