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Ancient Greece

Aeschylus The first of the famous Athenian tragedians, known to us for writing the Orestia, which were about the cursed house of Atreus and Agamemnon. Persians and Prometheus Bound are both from him. He is attributed with redefining tragic drama. HI
Agora The main market place beneath the Acropolis where people go to meet. It's a location for markets, courts, etc. Aristotle and Plato both viewed this as a really important location because they valued human activity a lot.
Corcyra A civil war broke down here because, even though they were a Corinthian colony, they allied with the Athenians and sought help from them to become a democratic colony. They had a substantial fleet.
Epikleros A girl with no surviving brother. An example of this is Antigone from Sophocles' play Antigone.
Eromenos The younger boy in a relationship between an older man and a younger boy, who would learn a lot from the erastes.
Erchitheum A place in the Acropolis in Athens that was meant to worship Poseidon, and was built in completely an Ionic style. It is a building that was built in a really interesting pattern, that was completely contrary to what the Greeks were used to.
Eunomia Good laws or good customs. A big part of sophist belief that challenged conventional nomos (laws or customs).
Euripedes One of the three most highly regarded Greek Tragedians.
Hippocrates He is an intellectual from Fifth century Greece, whose doctrines were based primarily on case studies. He principally sought to cure diseases and to explain natural phenomenon.
Mousike A place where some wealthy families could send their songs to be taught. They would learn how to memorize poetry, play the lyre, and music.
Nomos laws and customs, were often challenged by the sophists
Panhellenism The idea of a combined force of the Greek city-states. It would be a society where people were united by being Greek.
Parthenon The best known building of classical Greece. It was on the acropolis, and repalced an older temple destroyed in the Persian war. Blended Ionic and Dorian styyles & showed myths/history of Athens/Athena.
Physis nature. philosophers fought between the relationship between these and nomos (convention.)
Potidaea A Corinthian colony who was the opposite of Corcyra in that they still maintained good relations with Corinth while being an Athenian ally. Gained promise from Sparta for help if Athens attacked. Athens seized Potidaea for 2 years.
Sanctions against Megara
Sophist "practioners of wisdom" the new thinkers in Greece who wanted to teach eager, paying pupils how to understand the world through philosophy. People didn't trust those who charged for their skills.
Sophocles Sophocles was one of the three famous Greek Tragedians of the fifth century. He is best known for his plays Oedipus Tyrannus. He often challeneged conventional morals, and combined a reverence for gods with an interest in human choices.
Cimon a historian whose works we look at to understand the Greek life in the fifth century.
Citizenship law of 451
Delian League Started in 477, called this because its treasury was in the island of Delos. A gathering of states, under Athens, to have protection against Persian attack. Led to Athenian alienation bc of tyrannical ruling.
First Peloponnesian War
Pausanias A Spartan general who was accused that he favored the Persians and sent treacherous letters to Xerxes during the war. His lack of tact alienated his underlings
reforms of Ephialtes
serpent column A bronze column in the Sanctary of APollo at Delphi was made after the Greek victory over the persians in 479, and had Sparta and Athens' names written first.
tmeple of Zeus at Olympia
Thirty Years' Peace
Thucydides A historian from the Fifth Century in Athens. He writes of the First Peloponnesian war, and his words are very useful
Xenophon- Fifth Century A Spartan disciple of Socrates provided us considerable information from bc his personal inclinations were very Spartan rather than athenian. Parts of his stories from the fourth century are still applicable in the fifth.
Diodorus This Sciclians' Library of History helps us understand Greek life in the fifth century
Hetairoi a prostitute basically who is a companion and conveys mutual loyalty
Xenia guest frienship, xenoi were pledged to offer each other protection whenever one traveled to the others demos
Oikos household
Thetes poor free men who did hardwork for low pay
Kleros ancestral plot of land for each family
Agathos bad
Cylon tried to become the tyrant of Athens in the 7th century `
Draconian Laws Early, strict laws made about homocide in Athens.
Solon He created a series of reforms in the 7th century to bring the poor and rich classes together. hektemoroi (sixth-parters), freed those fallen into slavery, craftspeople, property classes to divide citizens,
Solon's Class System Pentakosiomedimnoi- highest class; hippeis- horsemen; zeugitai; thetes - under 200 measure men.
Pisistratus An Athenian tyrant, but he returned a bunch of times and came from Persia, etc. His songs Hippias and Hipparchus ruled ogether after his death. Hipparchus was executed.
Council of Five Hundred created after the Cleisthenes' established 10 new tribes geographically divided. 50 members from each tribe randomly elected.
New Board of Executives- 7th Cent. Archons, taxiarchos- infantry commander; hiparchos- cavalry commander; strategos- chief general. 6
Created by: Vinita Saggurti