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Stack #112870

anat ch. 1 introduction

QuestionAnswer
anat. position - standing - feet straight ahead, together
anat. poition - standing up - hands down at side, palm forward
anat. position - standing up - eyes straight ahead
supine face up, lying on back
prone face down
anterior--posterior front of body--back of body
ventral--dorsal same as anterior--same as posterior (for humans)
medial--lateral towards center of body--towards side of body
superior--inferior top of body--towards bottom
cranial--caudal towards head end--towards tail end
proximal--distal closest to center of body--furtherest from center of body
superficial--deep closest to surface--furtherest from surface
p.o.r.--transverse div. into superior and inferior sections (cross section)
p.o.r.--saggital div. into left and right
midsagittal equal right and left sections, down middle
parasagittal unequal left and right sections
p.o.r.--frontal (coronal) div. into anterior and posterior sections
cephalon head
cephalon--1. cranium surrounds brain
cephalon--2. facies face
cervicis a neck
trunk-- 1. thoracis chest
trunk--2. dorsum back
abd. and pelvis div. into quadrants or abdominopelvic regions
abdominal quadrants rug rlq luq llq
right hypochondriac nw
epigastric n
left hypochondriac ne
right lateral abdominal w
umbilical center
left lateral abdominal e
right inguinal sw
hypogastric s
left inguinal se
upper extremity arm
u.e.-- 1. omos shoulder
u.e.-- 2. axilla underarm
u.e.-- 3. brachium upper arm
u.e.-- 4. antecubitis anterior elbow
u.e.-- 5. olecrannon posterior elbow
u.e.-- 6. antebrachium lower arm, forearm
u.e.-- 7. carpus wrist
u.e.-- 8. manus hand (manual dexterity)
manus-- 1. palma palm
manus-- 2. dorsum back of hand
manus-- 3. digits fingers
manus-- 4. pollex thumb
lower extremity buttocks to tip of toes
l.e.-- 1. gluteus buttocks
l.e.-- 2. inguen groin
l.e.-- 3. femoral region thigh
l.e.-- 4. knee knee
knee-- 1. patellar region front, anterior
knee-- 2. popliteus posterior
l.e.-- 5. crus anterior lower leg
l.e.-- 6. sura posterior lower leg
l.e.-- 7. tarsus ankle
l.e.-- 8. pes foot
foot--planta bottom of foot
foot-dorsum top of foot
foot--calcaneus heel
foot--digits 4 toes
foot--hallux big toe
body cavities (2) dorsal (posterior) and ventral (anterior)
dorsal cavity-- 1. cranial cavity brain (inside cranial cavity)
dorsal cavity-- 2. vertebral (spinal) cavity spinal cord
ventral (anterior) cavities thoracic (chest) cavity and abdominopelvic (below diaphragm)
thoracic cavity--pleural cavities lung space
thoracic cavity--mediastinum space between lungs
mediastinum--pericardial cavity contains heart
mediastinum--other structures wind pipe, blood vessels, nerves
ventral cavity--abdominopelvic cavity below diaphragm, subdivided into: 1. abdominal 2. pelvic
serous membranes types (2) parietal, visceral
parietal serous membrane lines cavity wall
visceral serous membrane on surface of internal organ
plurae membrane for lungs
parietal pleura lines wall of pleural cavity
visceral pleura on outer surface of lungs
serous fluid lubricant in between parietal and visceral membranes
pericardia associated with heart
parietal pericardium lines pericardial cavity
visceral pericardium on outer surface of heart
peritonea found in abdominal cavity
parietal peritomium lines wall of abdominal cavity
visceral peritonium found on surface of abdominal organs
mesenteries serous membranes that connect parietal and visceral peritoneum
Created by: justinjune28