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Mirando - Ch. 19

Terms for Chapter 19 in Mr. Mirando's class.

QuestionAnswer
Napoleon Bonaparte A French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe.
Consulate The word consulate may refer not only to the office of consul, but also to the building occupied by the consul and his or her staff.
"Authority from above, confidence from below" Abbé Sieyès said this when planning a coup d'état.
Concordat of 1801 An agreement between Napoleon and Pope Pius VII, signed on 15 July 1801. It solidified the Roman Catholic Church as the majority church of France and brought back most of its civil status.
Duke of Enghien A relative of the Bourbon monarchs of France. More famous for his death than for his life, he was executed on trumped-up charges during the French Consulate.
Toussaint L'Ouverture The leader of the Haitian Revolution.
Battle of Trafalgar A naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French Navy and Spanish Navy, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815).
Confederation of the Rhine A confederation of client states of the First French Empire. It was formed initially from 16 German states by Napoleon after he defeated Austria's Francis II and Russia's Alexander I in the Battle of Austerlitz.
Citizen-soldiers A military force composed of ordinary citizens to provide defense, emergency law enforcement, or paramilitary service, in times of emergency without being paid a regular salary or committed to a fixed term of service.
Napoleonic Code The French civil code, established under Napoléon I in 1804. The code forbade privileges based on birth, allowed freedom of religion, and specified that government jobs should go to the most qualified.
"A carer open to all talents" A quote by Napoleon Bonaparte, which meant that career should be chosen by talent, not by ancestry (aristocrats).
Notables A group of notables invited by the King of France to consult on matters of state.
Continental System The foreign policy of Napoleon I of France in his struggle against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland during the Napoleonic Wars.
Peninsular War A military conflict between France and the allied powers of Spain,[4] the United Kingdom, and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.
Talleyrand A French diplomat. He worked successfully from the regime of Louis XVI, through the French Revolution and then under Napoleon I, Louis XVIII, Charles X, and Louis-Philippe.
Grand Army First entered the annals of history when, in 1805, Napoleon I renamed the army that he had assembled on the French coast of the English Channel for the proposed invasion of Britain.
Louis XVIII A Bourbon King of France and of Navarre from 1814 to 1824, omitting the Hundred Days in 1815. Louis XVIII spent twenty-three years in exile, from 1791 to 1814, during the French Revolution and the First French Empire, and again in 1815, for 111 days.
Charter (France 1814) A constitution granted by King Louis XVIII of France shortly after his restoration.
Hundred Days The period between Emperor Napoleon I of France's return from exile on Elba to Paris on 20 March 1815 and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII on 8 July 1815 (a period of 111 days).
Waterloo Where an Imperial French army under the command of Emperor Napoleon was defeated by the armies of the Seventh Coalition.
St. Helena An island of volcanic origin in the South Atlantic Ocean. Napoleon Bonaparte was exiled here, and then later died.
Joesph Bonaparte The elder brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of Naples and Sicily (1806–1808), and later King of Spain (1808–1813, as José I).
Jacques-Louis David An influential French painter in the Neoclassical style, considered to be the preeminent painter of the era.
The Coalitions A combination of the forces of multiple countries against a common enemy.
Karl von Clausewitz A German-Prussian soldier and military theorist who stressed the "moral" (in modern terms, psychological) and political aspects of war.
Legion of Honor A French order established by Napoleon Bonaparte, First Consul of the Consulate which succeeded to the Directory, on 19 May 1802.
Duke of Wellington A British soldier and statesman, a native of Ireland from the Anglo-Irish Ascendancy, and one of the leading military and political figures of the 19th century.
Created by: MattyIceTurner