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Frayer traget ch.4

Words from history alive book medeval times ch.4

domain a land controlled by a ruler or lord
charter a piece of paper that let people govern themselves
guild a group of people who are in charge kinda of the trade they do.they protect each other.
apprentice a person who lives with a master crafts men to learn a trade for 7 years
journeyman a person who has learned a trade but doesn't have his own place or is not an employe
commerce the buying and selling of goods
Jew they were descendants of ancient Hebrews that founded Judaism. They're were lots of Jews in medieval times.
common law a system of judges who were part of a legal system.They decided what kind of punishment the guilty person would get. They also decided if you were guilty.This is like our courts.
Where were towns in medieval Europe often located and why? They were located by water so they could ship stuff up and down rivers or oceans.Ancient towns busy trading center and country sides. Economy
What contributed to the growth of towns in medieval Europe? trade, market, and having a special item. Also improvements in agriculture. Economy
What rights did a charter give towns people? The Lords said pay taxes but the charter said you could govern yourself and make laws. Government
What were guilds? Why were they established? They were a group of people who all did the same trade and made sure quality work was done for a good price. they were established to protect, providing help,and make sure it was a good price. Economy maybe culture
How did a person become a member of a guild? They started as an apprentice working under a master. When done with 7 years they showed a master piece to the guild to try to get accepted into the guild. Economy or Culture
What were some examples of craft guilds in medieval Europe? Clothes makers,cobblers,stone mases,and those who made shoes ,belts, and other goods. Economy
How did guilds help members and family members? They protected and cared for the sick in their guild. They could start a business too. Culture maybe economy
What role did merchants play in growth of medieval Europe? They brought goods to town for people to buy. they also attracted merchants from other countries. In addition they brought great wealth. Economy
What were merchant fairs like? They were merchants who could attract other merchants from all over Europe. They sold goods and were powerful and wealthy. Economy or Culture
How did merchants become the most wealthy and powerful members of towns? To be wealthy and powerful they ran sizable businesses and looked for ways to sell the goods from home. Economy
How were Jews often mistreated in medieval Europe? They were mistreated by lords taking property and belonging from them. They also were targets for violence. Also they were abused for practicing bankers and money lenders.
What did homes in medieval European towns look like? They were usually four story houses stretched over the street made of wood. small, crowded, shared by many families, very flammable
Why were the homes of most town dwellers uncomfortable? They were cold, smokey and dim. Fireplaces only source of heat with little light from windows. Several families in one room, slept and ate in same room.
Why was growing up in medieval towns difficult? It was difficult growing up because half of all the children died by age 7. Some were poor and kids died at an early age.
How were the lives of medieval girls different from those of modern girls? They had to work in houses and got married at age 12. Educated at home, trained for craft, made lace, took care of children, cooked, made cloth and needlework.
Why were towns in medieval Europe dangerous places? They were thieves and pickpocket poorly light roads.
What were two methods for deciding the guilt or innocence of accused criminals in the Early Middle Ages? Tossing a accused person in the water.If they drowned they were innocent.Combat was where the accused fought for his life and innocents.
What were some ways criminals were punished in medieval Europe? hung in wooden stocks out in public executions hanged burned on sticks
How did the way in which those accused of crimes were treated begin to improve in the 12th century? It went to common law where royal judges made choices on evidence.
Created by: cmarshall26