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Skeletal System Revi

chapters 6 and 7

QuestionAnswer
blood vessels that connect central canals Perforating canals
blood vessels and nerves that run through the middle of each osteon central canals
immature bone cells that still produce bone osteoblasts
inner lining of bone (covers trabeculae too) endosteum
mature bone cells that keep bone healthy and repaire breaks osteocytes
microscopis connections between bone cells, small channels through the matrix canaliculi
multinucleate white blood cells that dissolve bone osteoclasts
bone osseous tissue
outer covering of bone periosteum
partial rings (old osteos) between osteons interstitial lamellae
pockets where mature bone cells sit lacunae
region between the shaft and the ends metaphysis
remnant of the growth plate after a person is fully grown epiphyseal line
rings of matrix that run around the entire bone circcumferential lamellae
ring of matrix with one osteon concentric lamellae
scientific name for the ends of long bones epiphysis
scientific name for the shaft of a long bone diaphysis
stem cells that become oteoblasts? osteogenic (osteoprogenitor) cells
struts and plates in spongy bone trabeculae
term for bone being dissolved (what osteoclasts do) osteolysis
term that means bone production (what osteoblasts do) osteogenesis
the part of bone where blood is produced red marrow
the part of bone where fat is stored yellow marrow
structural units of compact bone, concentric cylinders around a blood vessel osteon
when tissue becomes bone ossification
bones are porous and thin, composition is normal osteoporosis
bone is poorly mineralized and deforms on weight bearing osteomalacia
abnormal bone formation and reabsorption Paget's disease
growth pattern where matrix is laid down at the surface appositional growth
grown from within the matrix iterstitial growth
the gland that makes calcitonin to lower blood calcium thyroid
the framework of spongy bone trabeculae
functions of bone support, protection, movement, mineral and growth factor storage, bone cell formation, and triglyceride (fat) storage
what two minerals make up bone matrix, and what characteristics do these materials provide bone calcium and phosphate - ...
Created by: Anatomysaver