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Unit 3 APHG

Political Geography

political geography a subdivision of human geography focused on the nature and implications of spatial organization
state a politically territory that is administered
territoriality a country's or more local community's senseof property and attatchment towards its property
sovereignty a principle of international relationships that holds the final say over over social, economic, and political matters
territorial integrity the right of a state to defend its against incursions from other states
Peace of Westphalia 1648 Peace negotiation that led to the idea of the state and the end of the 30 years war
mercantalism a general sense associated with the promotion of comercialism and trade
nation a group of tightly knit group of posseesing bonds of language, ethnicity, religion, and cultural attributes.
nation-state a recognized member of the modern state system possessing formal sovereignty and occupied by a people who see themselves as a single, united nation (a state of almost entirely one nation)
democracy gov. based on principles that people are ultimately sovereign
multinational state a state with more than one nation within
multistate nation a nation that spreads across borders and states
stateless nation a nation that does not have a state
colonialism rule by an autonomous power over a subordinate and alien people and place
scale representation of real world phenomena at a certain level of reduction or generalization
capitalism economic model wherin people, corporations, and states produce goods and exchange them on the world market with the goal of acheiving profit
commodification the process through which something is given monetary value (previously not regarded as item to be sold)
core processes that incorporate higher levels of education, salaries, and more technology
semiperiphery places where core and periphery processes are both occuring
ability the capacity of a state to influence other states
centripetal forces that tend to unite a country
centrifugal forces that tend to divide a country
unitary a centralized gov. and administration that excercizes power equally in over all parts of a state
federal a political system wherea central gov. represents various entities within the states
devolution the process where regions given more rights or gain political strength
territorial representation system wherein each representativeis elected from a territorially defined districe
reapportionment the process by which representative districs are switched according to population shifts
splitting in context of determining representative districs, the process by which majority and minority of populations are spread evenly actoss each of the districs
majority-minority districts in context of determining representative districs, the process by which the majority of the population is a minority
gerrymandering boundary redistricting for advantage
physical political boundary political boundary defined and delimited (sometines demarcated) by a prominent physical boundary
heartland theory a geopolitical hypothesis that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain sufficient strength to dominate the world
critical geopolitics process by which geopolitcians deconstructand focus on explaining assumptions and territorial perspectives of politics
unilateralism world order in which one stateis in proposition of dominance with allies following rather than joining political decision making
supernational organization three or more states involving formal political, economic, and/or cultural cooporation to premote shared objectives
periphery process that incorporate lower levels of education, salaries, and less technology
Created by: ekajiwara6207