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Hip/Pelvic Girdle

Muscle of the Hip Joint & Pelvic Girdle (Origins, Insertions, Actions, & Nerves)

QuestionAnswer
Origin of Iliopsoas (Iliacus & Psoas Major & Minor) Inner surface of the ilium, lower borders of the transverse processes
Insertion of Iliopsoas (Iliacus & Psoas Major & Minor) Lesser trochanter of the femur
Action of Iliopsoas (Iliacus & Psoas Major & Minor) Flexion of the hip
Innervation of Iliopsoas (Iliacus & Psoas Major & Minor) Lumbar nerve & femoral nerve
Origin of Rectus Femoris Anterior inferior iliac spine of the ilium
Insertion of Rectus Femoris Superior aspect of the the patella and patella tendon to the tibial tuberosity
Action of Rectus Remoris Flexion of the hip
Innervation of Rectus Femoris Femoral nerve
Origin of Sartorius Anterior superior iliac spine
Insertion of Sartorius Pes anserinus
Action of Sartorius Flexion of the hip
Innervation of Sartorius Femoral nerve
Origin of Pectineus Space on front of pubis just above crest
Insertion of Pectineus Rough line leading from the lesser trochanter down to the linea aspera
Action of Pectineus Flexion of the hip
Innervation of Pectineus Femoral nerve
Origin of Adductor Brevis Front of the inferior pubic ramus
Insertion of Adductor Brevis Lower 2/2 of pectineal line of femur and upper half medial lip of linea aspera
Action of Adductor Brevis Adduction of the hip
Innervation of Adductor Brevis Obturator nerve
Origin of Adductor Longus Anterior pubis just below its crest
Insertion of Adductor Longus Middle 1/3 of linea aspera
Action of Adductor Longus Adduction of the hip
Innervation of Adductor Longus Obturator nerve
Origin of Adductor Magnus Pubic ramus, ischium, and ischial tuberosity
Insertion of Adductor Magnus Linea aspera, inner condyloid ridge, and adductor tubercle
Action of Adductor Magnus Adduction of the hip
Innervation of Adductor Magnus Anterior: Obturator nerve Posterior: Sciatic nerve
Origin of Gracilis (groin) Edge of descending ramus of pubis
Insertion of Gracilis (groin) Anterior medial surface of tibia
Action of Gracilis (groin) Adduction of the hip
Innervation of Gracilis (groin) Obturator nerve
Origin of Semitendinosus (hamstring) Ischial tuberosity
Insertion of Semitendinosus (hamstring) Upper anterior surface of tibia
Action of Semitendinosus (hamstring) Flexion of the knee
Innervation of Semitendinosus (hamstring) Sciatic nerve - tibial division
Origin of Semimembranosus Ischial tuberosity
Insertion of Semimembranosus Posteromedial surface of the medial tibial condyle
Action of Semimembranosus Flexion of the knee
Innervation of Semimembranosus Sciatic nerve - tibial division
Origin of Biceps Femoris Ischial tuberosity, lower half of linea aspera & lateral condyloid ridge
Insertion of Biceps Femoris Head of fibula and lateral condyle of tibia
Action of Biceps Femoris Flexion of the knee
Innervation of Biceps Femoris Long head: Sciatic nerve - tibial division Short head: Sciatic nerve - peroneal division
Origin of Gluteus Maximus Posterior 1/4 of ilium, posterior surface of sacrum and coccyx
Insertion of Gluteus Maximus Gluteal tuberosity
Action of Gluteus Maximus Extension of the hip
Innervation of Gluteus Maximus Inferior gluteal nerve
Origin of Gluteus medius Lateral surface of ilium
Insertion of Gluteus medius Posterior & middle surfaces of greater trochanter
Action of Gluteus medius Abduction of hip
Innervation of Gluteus medius Superior gluteal nerve
Origin of Gluteus minimus Lateral surface of the ilium
Insertion of Gluteus minimus Anterior surface of greater trochanter
Action of Gluteus minimus Abduction of the hip
Innervation of Gluteus minimus Superior gluteal nerve
Origin of IT Band Anterior iliac crest
Insertion of IT Band Gerdy's tubercle
Action of IT Band Abduction of the hip
Innervation of IT Band Superior gluteal nerve
Created by: pihlma