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Cardio

the heart

QuestionAnswer
vas/o vascul/o vessel
ven/o ven/i vein
ventricul/o ventricle, lower pumping chamber of the heart
sphygm/o pulse
steth/o chest
thromb/o clot
valvu/o valv/o valve
cholesterol/o choesterol, a liquid substance
cyan/o blue
myx/o mucus
ox/o oxygen
pericardi/o pericardium
phleb/o vein
rrhythm/o rythm
ather/o yellowish plaque of fatty substance
atri/o atrium, upper receiving heart chamber
brachi/o arm
cardi/o heart
angio vessel ,tube carrying liquid
aort/o aorta, largest artery of body
arter/o arteri/o artery
-graphy process of recording
-oma tumor, mass ,swelling
ectomy removal, excision, reection
-megaly enlargement
-pathy disease, emotion
-brady slow
-tachy fast
hyper above, excessive
-sis state of condition
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-lysis breakdown, seperation
-plasty surgical repair
-constriction tighten or narrow
-peri around
Pulmonary artery Artery carrying oxygen-poor blood from the heart to the lungs
Pulmonary circulation Flow of the blood from the heart to the lungs and back to the heart.
Pulmonary valve Valve positioned between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery.
Pulmonary vein One of two pairs of vessels carrying oxygented blood form the lungs to the left atrium o the heart.
Pulse Beat of the heart as felt through the walls of the arteries.
Septum Septae (plural) Partition or wall deviding a cavity; such as between the right and left atria (interarterial septum) and right and left ventricles (interventricular eptum).
Sinoarterial node (SA node) Pacemaker of the heart.
Sphygmomanometer Instrument to measure blood pressure.
Systemic circulation Flow of the blood from body tissue to the heart and then from the heart back to body tissue.
Valve Structure n veins or in the heart that temporarily closes an opening so that blood flows in only one direction.
Vein Thin-walled vessel that carries blood from body tissues and lungs back to the heart. Veins contain valves to prevent backflow of blood.
Venule Small vein
Tricuspid valve Located between that right atrium and the right ventricle; it has three (tri) leafets, or cusps.
Ventricle One of 2 lower chambers of the heart.
Vena cava Venae cavae (plural) Largest vein in the body. The superior nd inferior venae cave return blood to the right atrium of the heart.
Systole Contraction phase of the heartbeat. From the greek systole, a contracting
Thrombus bloodclot
Embolus moving boodclot
Carditis inflamation of the heart
Bacterial Endocarditis Inflammation of the linning of the heart because of a bacterial infection
endocarditis inflammation of the inner linning of the heart
mycarditis inflammation of the heart muscle
pericarditis inflammation of the pericardium
Angiospasm spasmodic contraction of blood vessels
Arteriosclerosis Abnormal hardening of the arteries
Angiostenosis narrowing of blood vessele
Angina pectoris cruhing, severe chest pain because of temporary lack of blood flow to the heart muscle. Low oxygene suppy
Treatment Angina nitroglycerin
Diastole Relaxing of the heart
Cardiomyopathy any disease of the cardiac muscle
Hemostasis process which causes bleeding to stop
aneurysm localized weak spot in the wall of an artery usually caused by atherosclerosis can cause death
Vericose veins abnormally wooen veins die to faillure of valves
Phlebitis inflammation of vein
Ischemia reduced blood flow or temporary deficiency in blood flow.
Cause of ischemia blockage or narrowing o blood vessel, clots or atheromas.
Atria one of two upper chambers of the heart, receiving chamber
Ventricle one of two lower chambers of the heart reveive blood from the atrium
plasma liquid portion of blood
Coronary arteries blood vessels that branch from the aorta and carry oxygen-rich blood to the heart
pericardium double layered membrane surrounding the heart
leukocyte white blood cell
erythrocyte red blood cell
thrombocyte platlettes
Bundle of HIS devides into the left bundle branch and the right bundle branch which form the conduction myofibers that extend through the ventricle wall and contract on stimulation
Purkinje fibers located in the inner ventricle wall of the heart. Allow the hearts conduction system fo create synchronized contractions of its ventricles to maintain regular rhythm.
Sino-atrial node pace maker of the heart
Atrio-ventricular node specialized tissue in the wall between the atria
heart attack congestive heart failure
arrhythmia abnormal heart rhythms
Bradycardia fast heart beat
Tachycardia slow heart beat
sphygmomanometer to measure pulse
Angiitis inflammation of blood vessels
endarterectomy Surgical removal of plaque from the inner layer of the artery
Cartoid endarterectomy removal of fatty deposit blocking the cartoid artery
atherectomy removal of a fatty plaque in an artery
arteriectomy removal of atheromatous plaque from within a blood vessel
aneurymectomy repair weak area of the aorta
Created by: samsonmanon