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Mirando - Ch. 18

Terms for Chapter 18 in Mr. Mirando's class.

QuestionAnswer
Louis XVI A Bourbon monarch who ruled as King of France and Navarre until 1791, and then as King of the French from 1791 to 1792, before being deposed and executed in 1793.
Marie Antoinette Was Dauphine of France from 1770 to 1774 and Queen of France and Navarre from 1774 to 1792. She was the fifteenth and penultimate child of Holy Roman Emperor Francis I and Empress Maria Theresa.
The Estates General Was the first meeting since 1614 of the French Estates-General, a general assembly representing the French estates of the realm: the clergy (First Estate), the nobles (Second Estate), and the common people (Third Estate).
The National Assembly A legislature, or the lower house of a bicameral legislature in some countries.
The Bastille The Bastille was a fortress in Paris, known formally as the Bastille Saint-Antoine.
Jean-Paul Marat was a physician, political theorist, and scientist best known for his career in France Was a radical journalist and politician during the French Revolution.
Emigre A French term that literally refers to a person who has "migrated out", but often carries a connotation of political or social self-exile.
Assignats The type of a monetary instrument used during the time of the French Revolution, and the French Revolutionary Wars.
Civil Constitution of the Clergy Was a law passed on 12 July 1790 during the French Revolution, that subordinated the Roman Catholic Church in France to the French government.
George-Jacques Danton Was a leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution and the first President of the Committee of Public Safety.
Olympe de Gouges Was a French playwright and political activist whose feminist and abolitionist writings reached a large audience.
Jacobins Was the most famous and influential political club in the development of the French Revolution,[1] so-named because of the Dominican convent where they met, which had recently been located in the Rue St. Jacques, Paris
San-cullotes Were the radical left-wing partisans of the lower classes; typically urban laborers, which dominated France.
Girondinists Were the radical left-wing partisans of the lower classes; typically urban laborers, which dominated France.
Edmund Burke Was an Irish statesman, author, orator, political theorist and philosopher who, after moving to England, served for many years in the House of Commons of Great Britain as a member of the Whig party.
Declaration of Pilnitz Was a statement issued on 27 August 1791 at Pillnitz Castle near Dresden (Saxony) by the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II and Frederick William II of Prussia.
Valmy A commune in the Marne department in north-eastern France.
Vendee A department in the Pays-de-la-Loire region in west central France, on the Atlantic Ocean.
Levee en masse Originated as a French term for mass conscription during the French Revolutionary Wars, particularly for the one from 16 August 1793.[
The Terror Was a period of violence that occurred after the onset of the French Revolution, incited by conflict between rival political factions, the Girondins and the Jacobins, and marked by mass executions of "enemies of the revolution".
Committee of Public Safety Created in April 1793 by the National Convention and then restructured in July 1793, formed the de facto executive government in France during the Reign of Terror (1793–1794), a stage of the French Revolution.
Enrages A loose amalgam of radicals active during the French Revolution.
Maximilien Robespierre Was a French lawyer, politician, and one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution.
De-Christianization Is a conventional description of the results of a number of separate policies, conducted by various governments of France and the Concordat of 1801, forming the basis of the later and less radical Laïcité movement.
Thermidorien Reaction Was a revolt in the French Revolution against perceived excesses of the Reign of Terror.
The Directory Was a body of five Directors that held executive power in France following the Convention and preceding the Consulate.
Eighteen Brumoire Was the coup d'état by which General Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the French Directory, replacing it with the French Consulate.
Created by: MattyIceTurner