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Stack #111263

major body system word parts

word partsmajor structuresprimary functionmajor body system
oss/e, oss/i, oste/o, ost/o bones act as the framework for body, protect the internal organs, and store mineral calcium skeletal system
myel/o bone marrow / spinal cord forms some blood cells skeletal system
chondr/o cartilage creates a smooth surface for motion within the joints and protect the ends of bones skeletal system
ligament/o ligaments connects one bone to another skeletal system
arthr/o joints work with muscles to make variety of motions skeletal system
synovi/o, synov/o synovial membrane, synovial fluid forms lining of synovial joints and secretes synovial fluid that lubricates joints for smooth movements skeletal system
burs/o bursa cushions areas subject to friction during movement skeletal system
my/o, myos/o muscles make body movement possible, holds body erect, move body fluids and produces body heat muscular system
fasci/o fascia cover, suppoer and separate muscles muscular system
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o tendons attach muscle to bone muscular system
card/o, cardi/o heart pumps blood into the arteries cardiovascular system
arteri/o arteries transport blood to all body parts cardiovascular system
capill/o capillaries exchange nutrients and waste products with cells cardiovascular system
phleb/o, ven/o veins return blood to the heart cardiovascular system
hem/o, hemat/o blood brings oxygen and nutrients to all cells and carries away waste cardiovascular system
lymph/o lymph fluid and vessels return cellular waste and tissue fluid to circulatory system lymphatic and immune systems
lymphaden/o lymph nodes produce lymphocytes and filter harmful substances from lymph lymphatic and immune systems
tonsill/o, adenoid/o tonsils and adenoida protect the entry into the respiratory system lymphatic and immune system
splen/o spleen fitlers foriegn materials from blood, stores RBC, maintains balance between cells and plasma in blood lymphatic and immune systems
myel/o bone marrow produces blood cells lymphatic and immune systems
lymph/o, -cyte lymphocytes play important role in immune reactions lymphatic and immune systems
thym/o thymus produces T lymphocytes for the immune system lymphatic and immune system
immun/o immune system defends body against harmful substances such as pathogenic microorganisms, allergens, toxims and malignant cells lymphatic and immune system
nas/o nose exchange air during inhaling and exhaling, warms, moisturizes and filters inhaled air respiratory system
sinus/o sinuses provides mucus, make bones of skull lighter, aid in sound production respiratory system
epiglott/o epiglottis close off trachea during swallowing respiratory system
pharyng/o pharynx transport air to and from nose to trachea. transports food from mouth to esophagus respiratory system digestive system
laryng/o larynx make speech possible respiratory system
trache/o trachea transport air to and from pharynx to the bronchi respiratory system
bronch/o, bronchi/o bronchi transport air from trachea into lungs respiratory system
alveol/o alveoli air sacs that exchange gases with pulmonary capillary blood respiratory system
pneum/o, pneumon/o lungs bring oxygen into body an dremove corbon dioxide adn some water waste from body respiratory system
or/o mouth begins preparation of food for digestion digestive system
esophag/o esophagus transports food from pharynx to stomach digestive system
gastr/o stomach breaks dowm food and mixes it with digestive juices digestive system
enter/o small intestines completes digestion and absorption of most nutrients digestive system
col/o large intestines absorbs excess water and prepares solid waste for elimination digestive system
an/o, proct/o, rect/o rectum and anus controls the excretion of solid waste digestive system
hepat/o liver secretes bile and enzymes to aid in digestion of fats digestive system
cholecyst/o gallbladder stores bile and releases it to small intestine as needed digestive system
pancrat/o pancreas secretes digestive juices and enzymes into small intestine as needed digestive system
nephr/o, ren/o kidneys filter blood to remove waste products, maintain electrolyte concentrations, remove excess water to maintain fluid volume urinary system
pyel/o renal pelvis collects urine produced by kidney urinary system
-uria, unin/o urine liquid waste products to be excreted urinary system
ureter/o ureters transport urine from the kidneys to bladder urinary system
cyst/o, vesic/o urinary bladder store urine until excreted urinary system
urethr/o urethra transports urine from bladder through urethral meatus where it is excreted from body urimary system
encephal/o brain coordinates all activities of body nervous system
myel/o spinal cord transmits nerve impulses between brain, limbs, and lowwer part of body nervous system
neur/i, neur/o nerves receive and transmit messages to and from all parts of body nervous system
opt/i, opt/o, optic/o, ophthalm/o eyes receptor organs for sense of sight special senses: eyes and ears
lacrim/o, dacry/o lacrimal apparatus produces, stores and remove tears special senses: eyes and ears
ir/i, ir/o, irid/o, irit/o iris controles amount of light entering the eye special senses: eyes and ears
phac/o lens focuses rays of light on retina special senses: eyes and ears
retin/o retina converts light images into electrical impulses and transmits to brain special senses: eyes and ears
acous/o, acout/o, audi/o, audit/o, ot/o ears receptor organs for sense of hearing, help to maintain balance special senses: eyes and ears
pinn/i outer ear transmits sound waves to middle ear special senses: eyes and ears
myring/o, tympan/o middle ear transmits sound waves to inner ear special senses: eyes and ears
labyrinth/o inner ear receives sound vibrations and transmits them to brain special senses: eyes and ears
cutane/o, dermat/o, derm/o skin first line of defense for immune system, waterproofs body, major receptor for sense of touch integumentary system
seb/o sebaceous glands secrete sebum (oil) to lubricate skin and discourage growth of bacteria integumentary system
hidr/o sweat glands secrete sweat to regulate body temperature and water content and excrete some metabolic waste integumentary system
pil/i, pil/o hair aids in controlling loss of body heat integumentary system
onych/o, ungu/o nails protect dorsal surgace of last bone of each finger and toe integumentary system
adren/o adrenal glands (2) regulate electrolyte levels, influence metabolism, repond to stress endocrine system
gonad/o gonads - male testicles (2), female ovaries (2) refulate development and maintenance of secondary sex characteristics endocrine system
pancreat/o pancreatic islets control blood sugar levels and glucose metabolism endocrine system
parathyroid/o parathyroid glands (4) regulate calcium levels throughout body endocrine system
pituit/o, pituitar/o pituitary gland (1) controls activity of other endocrine glands endocrine system
thym/o thymus (1) plays major role in immune reaction endocrine system
thyr/o, thyroid/o thyroid gland (1) stimulates metabolism, growth, activity of nervous system endocrine system
pineal/o pineal gland (1) influence the sleep-wakefulness cycle endocrine system
orch/o, orchid/o, test/i, test/o, testicul/o testicles, testes produce sperm and male hormone testosterone reproductive system
oophor/o, ovari/o ovaries produce ova (eggs) and female hormones reproductive system
salping/o fallopian tubes catch mature ova, provide site for fertilization, transport ova to uterus reproductive system
hyster/o, metr/o, metri/o, uter/o uterus protects and supports developing child reproductive system
placent/o placenta exchanges nutrients and waste between mother and fetus during pregnancy reproductive system
Created by: worker