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chapter 15....

A&P exam review

QuestionAnswer
lymphedema tissue swelling due to lymphatic obstruction
plasma cells cell derived from B lymphocytes and active in formation of antibodies.
agglutination process by which cells or other particles adhere to each other to form clumps
immune cells cells that protect from infection
vaccine prepreation to generate active immunity
B cells -mature in bone marrow -15%-25% of lymphocytes -activated by helpter T cells, respond to specific antigen, and make antibodies (immunoglobulins) -mature ones are called plasma cells which make lots of anitbodies
T Cells -mature in thymus -make up 75%-85% of lymphocytes -there are several types of T cells
Helper T cells -contain CD4 coreceptor and are called CD4 cells -begin the defensive response against a specific antigen
hypersensitivity exaggerated abnormal reaction to an allergen
adenoid single mass of lymphoid tissure in the midline at teh back of the throat.
lymph a clear fluid collected from tissues and transported by lymph vessels to the venous circulation
immunoglobulins specific protein evoked by an antigen. all antibodies are these.
anaphylaxis immediate severe allergic response
immunodeficiency failure of the immune system
immunosuppression suppression of the immune response by an outside agent, such as a drug
macrophage large white blood cell that removes bacteria, foreign particles, and dead cells
viral load a count that measures the quantity of HIV in the blood
retrovirus virus that replicates in a host cell by converting its RNA core into DNA.
kaposi sarcoma a malignancy often seen in AIDS patients
antibody protein produced in response to an antigen.
autograft a graft using tissure taken from the individual who is receiving the graft
phagocytosis prosess of ingestion and destruction
allograft tissue graft from another person or cadaver
lavage washing out of a hallow cavity, tube, or organ
complement group of proteins in serum that finish off the work of antibodies to destroy bacteria and other cells.
immunity state of being protected.
lymph nodes located: there are hundreds stationed all over the body. they are especially concentrated in the neck, armpits, and groin.
thoractic duct along the front of the spine from the back of the aorta up to the left subclavian vein. (left lymphatic duct)
thymus endocrine gland located in the mediastinum.
subclavian vein underneath the clavicle
right lymphatic duct right side of the chest just below the clavicle
spleen left upper quadrant of the abdomen below the diaphragm and lateral to the kidney.
adenoids posterior wall of the nasopharynx
uvula fleshy projectoin of the soft palate
tonsils located at the entrance to the oropharynx
Created by: lovlyneko