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Lymphatic System/ Immunology/Oncology

Adenopathy disease of a gland
Immunologist one who studies immunology
Lymphoma tumor in the lymphatic tissue
Splenomegaly enlargement of the spleen
Splenectomy surgical removal of the spleen
Splenalgia pain in the spleen
Splenorrhagia hemorrhage of the spleen
Splenorrhaphy suturing of the spleen
Splenoptosis prolapse of the spleen
Hepatosplenomegaly enlargement of the liver and spleen
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome syndrome of opportunistic infections which depress the immune system; eventually fatal
Autoimmunity a condition in which the body produces antibodies against itself
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus an autoimmune disorder of connective tissue
Kaposi’s Sarcoma a malignant cancer of blood vessels, found in patients with AIDS; usually described as skin cancer
Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia a form of pneumonia seen in AIDS patients
Agammaglobulinemia the absence gamma globulin in the blood, causing the body to be unable to produce antibodies
Antiserum a blood serum that contains antibodies against specific diseases
Passive Immunity immunity wherein we borrow antibodies (i.e. congenital or antiserum/ antitoxin)
Active Immunity immunity from having the disease or receiving a vaccine or toxoid
Opportunistic Infections disease(s) which take the opportunity to cause infection when the immune system s depressed, or when normal flora bacteria is introduced into areas of the body that it should not be present
Immunoglobulin blood proteins (antibodies)
Lymphosarcoma malignant neoplastic disorder of the lymphatic tissue
Hodgkin’s disease painless enlargement of the lymph nodes; malignant
Infectious Mononucleosis acute viral infection caused by the epstein barr virus
Mono Spot laboratory test to detect heterophile antibodies in order to diagnose mononucleosis
Lymphadenectomy surgical removal of a lymph gland
Lymphoidectomy surgical removal of lymphatic tissue
Splenopexy surgical fixation of the spleen
Tonsil a mass of lymphatic tissue located on both sides of the back of the pharynx
Adenoids lymphatic tissue on the posterior wall of the nasopharynx
Tonsillitis inflammation of the tonsils
Tonsillectomy surgical removal of the tonsils
Adenoidectomy surgical removal of the adenoids
Lymph clear, watery fluid formed from interstitial fluid (tissue fluid)
Spleen organ which stores platelets and filters out old RBCs and WBCs
Thymus Gland gland located in the mediastinum which produces T-cells (a type of lymphocyte)
Immune to be resistant to a disease
Papilloma nipple-like tumor
Sarcoma a type of skin cancer
Scirrhus a hard, cancerous tumor
Metastasis movement of cancer cells from one part of the body to another
Hyperplasia excessive development
Lipoma a fatty tumor
Leukemia malignant blood disorder where there is an over abundance of WBCs
Disseminated scattered over a considerable part of the body
In Situ cancer in a localized spot
Dormant a period when cancer cells remain inactive
Remission the lessening in severity or abatement of the symptoms of disease
Radiation Therapy the use of radiation to destroy cancer cells
Melanocarcinoma black, cancerous tumor
Thymopathy disease of the thymus gland
Encephaloma tumor of the brain
Incompatibility the unsuitability of one thing to another
Cervical pertaining to the neck or cervix
Inguinal pertaining to the groin
Axillary pertaining to the axilla
Asymptomatic without symptoms
Lymphangioma tumor of lymphatic vessels
Alpha-Fetoprotein serum blood test to detect liver cancer
Lumbar Puncture spinal tap; procedure in which a needle is inserted into the spinal canal to withdraw fluid for examination
Needle Biopsy removal of body fluid for cytologic examination
Cytologic Examination an examination to study the formation, structure and function of cells
Biopsy a live tissue sample taken for microscopic examination
Encapsulated tumor that does not infiltrate the surrounding tissue
Mammogram x-ray of breast tissue
Palliative treatment provided to relieve symptoms
Papanicolaou test examination of cervical and vaginal cells for early detection of cervical cancer (PAP smear)
Osteoma tumor of the bone
Mastectomy surgical removal of the breast
Basal Cell Carcinoma malignant type of skin cancer
Carcinolysis destruction of cancer
Adenocarcinoma cancerous tumor of a gland
Oncogenesis formation of cancer cells
Elisa initial HV antibody test to detect the presence of HIV infection
Western Blot confirmatory test for the presence of HIV infection
Thymectomy surgical removal of the thymus gland
Cryptococcal Meningitis systemic fungal infection associated with diagnoses of AIDS
Candidiasis fungal (yeast) infection associated with HIV infection
Toxoplasmosis fungal infection of the brain, associated with the diagnosis of AIDS
Attenuated weakened
Vaccine a live or killed suspension that will cause the body to build antibodies
AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
PCP Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia
MAI Mycobacterium Avium Intracellular
Ig immunoglobulin
EBV epstein barr virus
CMV cytomegalovirus
CA cancer
Bx biopsy
Created by: ChristenDole