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Euro history 14&17

Chapter 14 and 17 Test

Physiocrats 18th cent. thinkers who attacked mercantilism regulation of economy, advocated a limited economy
Philosophes 18th cent. writers and critics who forged the new altitude favorible for change
Tabula rasa Meaning "blank page"; philosophical belief associated with John Locke that human beings enter the world totally unformed character that are completly shaped by experience
Copernicus Polish astronomer who produced a workable model of the solar system with the sun in the center
d'alembert Co-editor of the encyclopedia
Galileo Italian astronomer and physicist. First to use a telescope to study the stars (1610) was an outspoken advocate of Copernicus' theory that sun forms in center of universe.
Joseph II Enlightened absolutist monarchy; famous for progressive stone of serfdorn and economics policy
Descartes French philosopher and mathematician; developed dualistic theory of mind and matter
Deism Belief in a ration god who created universe but allowed it to function with out his interference
Diderot Published first encyclopedia and succeded with goal
Wollstonecraft English writer and early feminist who denied male supremacy and advocated equal education for women
Frederick II King of Prussia, son Frederick William I. Gained Silesia during WAr of Austrian Succession his military geniouses established Prussia as European power.
Smith Scottish economist who advocated private enterprise and free trade
Isaac Newton English mathematician and physiciist; developed calculus and for his law of gravitation
Brahe Danish astronomer whose observations of planets provided the basis for kepler's laws of planetary motion
Scientific Revolition A period of rapid advances in European scientific, mathematical and political thought, based on new philosophy of empiricism and a faith in progress; defined Europe in 16th and 17th century.
Ptolemaic System Astronomical system of Ptolemy, which earth is at center of universe with sun, moon, planets, and stars revolving about it in circular orbits
Scientific Induction The process of deriving general principles from particular facts or instances.
Kepler Astronomer, proved planets orbited around sun in oval pathway.
Pascal French mathematician, philosopher and jansenists; invented an adding machine; helped with fermat theory of probability.
Bacon Scientist; proved existence of gravity which was a key aspect in important inventions
Empiricism Theory of knowledge that asserts that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience
Enlightenment AKA age of reason; a cultural movement of intellectuals in 18th century. Purpose was to reform society using reason and advance knowledge through science
Locke Theologian/Philosopher; argued against hobbes because viewd humans as creatures of goodness and say purpose of humans is to make social.
Hobbes Most original philosopher of 17th century; supported scientific movement.
Montesquieu Believed Gov't should have seperation of powers.
Laissez-faire French phase meaning "allow to do" in economies the doctorine of minimal gov't interference.
Catherine II AKA CAtherine the Great of Russia. Created reforms; booted husband out after becoming king and queen
Rousseau Believed ppl in their natural state were basically good but they were corrupted by evil of society
Voltaire French writer; pen name of Fran├žois-Marie Arouet. A leading figure of the Enlightenment, his works include Candide
Created by: dianaperez123