Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Causes of War and Pe

QuestionAnswer
o Number of seats directly proportional to number of votes o Diverse opinions but coalition government o Incentive for extreme parties and/votes based on ethnicity • Proportional Representation (PR)
o One person in district, most votes = win o Creates two extreme parties o Inadvertently locks out minority votes • Single-Member District Plurality (SMDP)
o Concept about SMDP  States that it leads to a radical two-party system • Duverger’s Law
o Protects minority groups with rights o Group representation • Consociationalism
o National government is dominant (centralized power) o Example is the UK • Unitary System
o Power is shared among central power and political subunits such as regional states • Federal
o Regional government more powerful than national government • Confederal
o President oversees the legislature o More prone to dictatorship • Presidential System
o Intertwined legislative and executive branch o Things get done faster, quicker decisions o Prime Ministers are heads of Parliament o Higher levels of voter turnout • Parliamentary System
o Fusion of Parliament and Presidential o President and Prime Minister both under day-to-day aministration o Example is France and Russia • Semi-Presidential System (Mixed Republic)
o Generally a military government running the system o Small group of decision makers o Highly centralized o Example is Chile • Authoritarianism
o Conflict that was never really resolved with low levels of violence o Primarily found in post-Soviet states • Frozen Conflict
o Help create protection screws and roaming banditry o Produce the danger and the protection simultaneously o Make war profitable • Ethnic Entrepreneurs
o Concept of kinship o Members share language, blood, thought, etc o Seen in Rwanda genocide causing cultural gap o Leads to violence due to rivalries among ethnic groups • Ancient Hatreds (aka Primordialism)
o Separation of ethinicities living in different areas o More dangerous when intermixed • Dual Societies
o Protection service to be stationary o As cost of robberies go up, cost for protection increases o Mercenaries and private security firms o Violent Entrepreneaurs o Leads to plundering within state, especially Africa • Protection Screw
o Form where newly elected leaders give jobs to people who helped them get into office o Leads to corruption • Spoils Politics
o Theory where countries with more abundant natural resources, especially fuels have a less economic growth and worse outcomes than countries with less abundance o Hurts development due to exploitation issues and increased dependency o Water, crops, oil • Resource Curse
o Maintaining the peace • Peacekeeping
o Resolving conflict through the use of violence o NATO • Peacemaking
o Scenario where win is automatic loss/expense for another party or all parties • Zero-sum Game
o Scenario where everyone wins o Nobody wins at someone else’s expense • Positive-sum Game
o What in God’s good name is the significance of a national security doctrine for this class? o Probably something to do with Latin American countries • National Security Doctrine (NSD)
Created by: 1842386065