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ER Emergency

lesson 1

What is the first step in ER?ALWAYS check the scene.
Why should you always check for safety? You never want to be a second victim.What good would you be then?
What Do You Check In The Scene? What Happened? Is it Safe? How many victims are there? Who should I help first?(Triage) Is there anyone else to help?
What is the second step in ER? CALL! contact 9-1-1 or any other emergency number for help
What is the third step in ER? Care! Give care based on what you find wrong with the person/s sometimes you need to break the three steps and care before before you call.
When would you need to break the steps? You would give (2) minutes of care THEN call in these situations.you may need to break the three steps and care before before you call. .(unconscious adult) .(sudden collapse of a child) .(child with an unknown heart condition)
Reasons you may not want to help. Don't know what to do? Afraid of doing it wrong? Think someone else will do it? Afraid of being sued? Afraid of diseases?
How can you change that? You will gain confidence in what to do and how with this training. You will learn how to protect someone's spine.;How to help when they are choking.How to give CPR and more!!
What's the Bystander Effect? The more people there are, the less likely someone is to do anything. DON'T WAIT! YOU MAY NOT BE THE ONLY ONE GETTING NOTHING DONE!
Afraid Of being sued? The LAW has your back! The good Samaritan law!!
How can it protect me? It protects you if .You act reasonable .You stay within your training .You gain consent (Permission) .You don't abandon them
What's expressed consent? Verbally given by conscious lucid adult,or parent of a child.
What do you say? .Say your name .Say you are trained .Tell them what you plan to do .Ask if you can help them
But what if they say no?? DO NOT TOUCH THEM!! DONT TOUCH THEM DO call 9-1-1 and DO NOT leave them! (monitor)
Afraid of catching a disease? make sure you have Personal Proctective Equipment (PPE)
What is personal proctective equipment?? They include gloves,masks,and goggles to protect your health
What do gloves,goggles,and facemasks protect me from? Bodily Fluids. like blood,saliva,urine,and feces
Whats a Bio-hazard? Bio hazards are items soiled by bodily fluids,after you use them, you dispose of any item that is soiled in a bio-hazard container
How can I make my own Bio-hazard container? (2 ziplock bags) one inside the other.
What are some Blood Born pathogens? .Hepititis B and Hepatitis C-both cause inflammation of the liver that can lead to liver damage,scarring and liver failure.There is a vaccination for B but not C HIV & AIDS Virus- Attacks your immune system,and kills.
What is Direct Contact? Physically coming in contact with bodily fluids.This can happen via physical touch,kissing,exchange of personal body fluids and their fluids getting in your wounds.
What is Indirect Contact? Airborne!At risk when somebody coughs or sneezes and the droplets released in the air are inhaled or get into the mucous membranes.
What are examples of mucous membranes? The most important are your Eyes,Nose and Mouth
Last but not least.... If nothing else call 9-1-1
Created by: HaileeMcRoy