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HaneyAP-Endocrine

QuestionAnswer
What are the two types of glands in the body? Exocrine glands and endocrine glands.
What does the hormone oxytocin do? Stimulates uterine contractions at end of pregnancy and stimulates the release of milk into breast ducts.
What does the follicle-stimulating hormone do for a male Stimulates seminiferous tubules of testes to grow and produce sperm.
What is the small depression of the sphenoid bone that is shaped like a saddle? Sella Turcica
The outer layer of the adrenal cortex secretes hormones called ______________________. Mineralocorticoids
The inner part of the adrenal gland produces what hormones? Epinephrine and norepinephrine
What is the difference between Alpha cells and Beta cells? Alpha cells secrete the hormone glucagon and Beta cells secrete the hormone insulin
Ovarian follicles secrete what hormone and what does it do? Estrogen- promotes development and maintenance of female sexual characteristics.
What is thymosin a big part of? The development and function of the body's immune system.
What hormone is secreted by the lining of the stomach and boosts appetite? Ghrelin
Fat-storing cells secrete what hormone throughout the body? Leptin
What hormone stimulates retention of water by the kidneys? Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
What makes nonsteroid hormones and steroid hormones different? The mechanisms that influence target cells
What does the same general functions as the nervous system? Endocrine system
What inhibits tropic hormones that affect the ovaries and my be involved in the body's internal clock? Melatonin
What are the three classes of prostaglandins? Prostaglandin A, prostaglandin E and prostaglandin F.
What speeds up the movement of digested proteins? Growth hormone
What hormone is secreted by the outer zone of the adrenal cortex? mineralocorticoids
What stimulates female sex drive and is similar to testosterone? Androgens
What hormone helps the body resist or avoid stress? Epinephrine and norepinephrine (adrenaline)
Created by: mhtgroup