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Urinary System

Urinary System study guide chapter 21

QuestionAnswer
The functional units of the kidney are nephrons
The volume of urine excreted per day, on average, is ___ to ___ liters. 1,2
The type of epithelium found throughout the urinary system is transitional epithelium
The ______ ______ is the structure into which the distal convoluted tubule empties. collecting tubule
______ and ______ are processes involved in tubular reabsorption. diffusion,active transport
The renal pyramids are located in the renal medulla
__% of normal urine is water. 95
The internal sphincter is controlled by smooth muscle
On a given trip through the body, an individual mL of blood has a __-__% chance of entering the kidney. 20,25
_____ would not be found in the urine of a person with no health conditions because all of it that is filtered out of the blood is returned. Glucose
Urine's composition will not change once it reaches the renal pelvis
The _____ _____ _____ is the first portion of the renal tubule. proximal convoluted tubule
The _____ _____ is the outer most layer of the kidney. renal cortex
Due to the presence of the _____, the female _____ _____ is smaller. uterus,urinary bladder
Proteins are not usually found in the _____ _____, but are found in the blood. tubular fluid
The passing of the _____ under the urinary bladder prevents backflow when the bladder swells. ureters
_____ is the process that deposits all of the components that will become the urine. Secretion
The external urethral sphincter is controlled by skeletal muscle
Blood pH should be maintained between ___ and ___. 7.35,7.45
Created by: 100000591963531