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Stack #1102330

Chapter 5

QuestionAnswer
Natural Law rules of conduct discoverable by reason
Thomas Hobbes a seventeenth-century English thinker who believed in powerful government
John Locke a seventeenth-century English thinker who advocated natural rights
Social Contract an agreement by which people gave up their freedom to a powerful government in order to avoid chaos
Natural Rights rights that belong to all humans from birth, such as life, liberty, and property
Philosophe French for "philosopher;" French thinker who desired reform in society during the Enlightenment
Montesquieu an early and influential thinker who wrote "Persian Letters" (ridiculing French government and social classes) and "The Spirit of the Laws" (advancing the idea of separation of powers)
Voltaire the most famous of the philosophes, who defended freedom of thought
Diderot the man who edited the "Encyclopedia" to change the general way of thinking
Rousseau a man who promoted "The Social Contract," stating the some controls on society were necessary, but they should be minimal
Laissez Faire policy allowing business to operate with little or no government interference
Adam Smith a Scottish economist who argued for a free market
Censorship restriction on access to ideas and information
Salon informal social gathering at which writers, artists, philosophes, and others exchanged ideas
Baroque ornate style of art and architecture popular in the 1600s and 1700s
Created by: ValkrieWren