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Empires of Mesopotamia
|Who were city-states prone to attack by?
|Why did Lugal-gals replace priests as rulers of the city-states?
|they needed stronger military leaders
|Lugal-gals eventually would become kings if they won battles, what did kings rule over?
|What did more powerful city-states taking over other city-states lead to?
|the creation of empires
|When was the time period that the Akkadian Empire existed?
|2300- 2100 BCE
|Which king was the first one to unite the city-states of Sumer into an empire?
|Sargon of Akkad
|What time did the Akkadian Empire get started?
|circa 2300 BCE
|Why was Sargon's empire unstable?
|conquered city-states continued to fight for independence and Akkad was frequently invaded by rival warriors
|Where in Mesopotamia did the power shift after the Akkadian empire fell?
|north, south, north, south
|To which groups of people did the fout power shifts go to after the Akkadian empire fell?
|Assyrian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Babylonian
|Who ruled the first Assyrian empire?
|Who ruled the first Babylonian Empire?
|Who ruled the New Assyrian empire?
|Who ruled the Neo-Babylonian empire?
|Who ruled the Persian empire?
|Cyrus the Great
|What were Assyrians known for?
|being ruthless warriors and killers
|What lands did the New Assyrian empire cover?
|lands from the Persian Gulf to Egypt to present-day Turkey
|Why did the New Assyrian empire fall?
|rebellions became difficult to control
|What's the other name of the Neo-Babylonian empire?
|When did Nebuchadnezzar rule?
|What were Neo-Babylonians known for being under Nebuchadnezzar's rule?
|great traders and conquerors
|Why was Nebuchadnezzar able to gain control of the trade gateway of the Medditeranean Sea?
|due to his conquests
|What was Babylonian Captivity?
|when the Jews were sent to be slaves in Babylon
|Which god's temple did Nebuchadnezzar burm?
|the Jewish god King Solomon
|What were some Neo-Babylonian achievements?
|wealth from conquests, the Hanging Gardens, Astronomy
|Why did the Neo-Babylonian empire fall?
|the empire had many enemies and Cyrus the Great conquered it
|When did Cyrus the Great capture the Neo-Babylonian empire?
|Was Cyrus the Great a Persian ruler?
|What did ending Babylonian Captivity do for Cyrus?
|it won him the gratitude of the Jews
|Who ended Babylonian Captivity?
|Cyrus the Great
|How long did Cyrus's vast Persian empire last?
|the next 200 years
|Which civilizations was Assur the center of power for?
|first Assyria and New Assyria
|Which empire exiled peole from their homes to prevent rebellion?
|Which civilization used governers, judges, and tax collectors?
|Which civilization developed cuneiform?
|Which empire did the Chaldeons and Medes join together to overthrow?
|Who were early city-states ruled by?
|Which civilzation's city-states did priests rule?
|Which civilization had a new oranized and unified set of laws set up?
|Which empire(s) captured major cities?
|New Assyria and Neo-Babylonia
|Which civilization invented writing by using pictographs?
|Which civilizations was Babylon the center of power for?
|first Babylonia and Neo-Babylonia
|Which early Mesopotamian civilizations was(were) in southern Mesopotamia?
|Sumer, First Babylonia, Neo-Babylonia
|Which early Mesopotamian civilizations was in northern Mesopotamia
|First Assyria and New Assyria
|Which year did 12 Great Sumerian city-states exist by?
|During which years did Hammurabi of Babylon rule?
|When was the ziggurat at Ur constructed
|When did groups of hunters-gatherers settle along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and start farming?
|When were the Hanging Gardens of Babylon are constructed?
|When did the Sumerians invent the wheel and the sailboat to help them transport goods?
|When did writers simplify pictographs into wedge-shaped cuneiform?
|2500 BCE (or c. 2400)