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AP Gov. Ch.9 Vocab.

QuestionAnswer
Presidential Election Campaign Money from the $3 federal income tax check-off goes into this fund, which is then distributed to qualified candidates to subsidize their presidential campaigns.
Matching Funds Contributions up to $250 and are matched from the P.E.C. fund to candidates for the presidential nomination who qualify and agree to meet various conditions, such as limit overall spending.
501 groups An American tax-exempt nonprofit organization; section 501 (c) of The U.S. internal revenue code provides that 28 types of nonprofit organizations are exempt from some federal income taxes.
527 groups A type of American tax-exempt organization named after a section of the United States code; created primarily to influence the selection, nomination, election appointment or defeat of candidates to federal, state, or local public office.
Selective Perception Paying most attention to things they already agree with and interpreting events according to their own predisposition.
Caucuses A meeting of state party leaders.
Superdelegates A portion of delegate slots for party leaders and elected officials.
Frontloading Refers to the recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar in order to capitalize a media on attention.
Regional Primaries basically states that in the Eastern time zone people vote 1 week, then the next the next week, etc.
Direct mail a technique involving locating potential supporters by sending information and a request for money to huge lists of people who have supported candidates of similar views in the past.
Campaign Strategy be able to manipulate money, media attention, and momentum.
National Party Convention in the summer preceding a presidential election, each major party officially introduces it's P and VP candidate w/ its platform.
Nomination a party's official endorsement of a candidate for office.
Federal Election Campaign ACT a United States federal law which increased disclosure of contributions for federal campaigns.
General Election a regularly scheduled local, state, or national election in which voters elect officeholders.
Campaigning a series of operations energetically pursued to accomplish a purpose; a campaign is a race between candidates for elective office.
Party Platform a list of actions which a political party or candidate supports to appeal to the general public for the purpose of having said peoples' candidates voted into political office.
National Primary a proposed system for conducting the United States presidential primaries and caucuses, in which all of the primaries and caucuses would occur on the same day.
Presidential Primaries a direct primary for the selection of state delegates to a national party convention and the expression of preference for a U.S. presidential nominee.
Federal Election Commission (FEC) created to administer campaign finance laws and enforce compliance with their requirements.
Soft Money makes it easier for political parties to raise money for voter registration drives & the distribution of campaign material at the grass root level or for generic party advertising.
Political Action Committee (PAC) formed when a business, or some other interest group, decides to contribute to candidates whom it believes will be favored towards its goals.
McGovern-Fraser Commission established open procedures and quota requirements for delegate selection.
Created by: formula1fan