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Chapter 3 vocab

ankyl/o- crooked, bent, stiff
arthr/o- joint
chondr/o- cartilage
cost/o- rib
crani/o- skull
kyph/o- bent, hump
lord/o- curve, swayback bent
myel/o- spinal cord, bone marrow
oss/e- bone
oss/i- bone
osto/o- bone
oste/o- bone
scoli/o- curved, bent
spondyl/o- vertebrae, vertebral column, backbone
synovi/o- synovial membrane, synovial fluid
synov/o- synovial membrane, synovial fluid
sub- under, less, below
meta- change, beyong, subsequent to, behind, after or next
-um singular noun ending
-lysis breakdown, separation, setting free, destruction, loosening
-desis surgical fixation of bone or joint, to bind, tie together
acetabulum hip socket; the large circular cavity in each side of the pelvis that articulates with the head of the femur to form the hip joint
allogenic originating with another
ankylosing spondylitis a form of rheumatoid arthritis that primarily causes inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae
arthrodesis also known as surgical anklyosis, is the surgical fusion (joining together) or two bones to stiffen a joint, such as an ankle, elbow, or shoulder
arthrolysis the surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint
arthroscopy the visual examination of the internal structure of a joint
autologous originating within an individual
chondroma a slow-growing benign tumor derived from cartilage cells
chondromalacia the abnormal softening of cartilage
comminuted fracture one in which the bone is splintered or crushed
compression fracture occurs when the bone is pressed together (compressed) on itself
costochondritis an inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum
craniostenosis a malformation of the skull due to the premature closure of the cranial sutures
crepitation the grating sound heard when the ends of a broken bone move together
dual x-ray absorptiometry a low-exposure radiographic measurement of the spine and hips to measure bone density
fibrous dysplasia a bone disorder of unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure and replaces it with fibrous tissue
hallux valgus an abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe (bunion)
hemarthrosis blood within a joint
hemopoietic pertaining to the formation of blood cells
internal fixation a fracture treatment in which a plate or pins are placed directly into the bone to hold the broken pieces in place
juvenile rheumatoid arthritis an autoimmune disorder that affects children aged 16 years or less with symptoms that include stiffness, pain, joint swelling, skin rash, fever, slowed growth, and fatigue
kyphosis an abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side (humpback)
laminectomy the surgical removal of a lamina, or posterior portion, of a vertebra
lordosis an abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine (swayback)
lumbago pain of the lumbar region of the spine
malleolus the rounded bony protuberance on each side of the ankle
manubrium the bony structure that forms the upper portion of the sternum
metacarpals the 5 bones that form the palms of the hand
metatarsals form the part of the foot to which the toes are attached
open fracture one in which the bone is broken and there is an open wound in the skin
orthopedic surgion a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders involving the bones, joints, and muscles
orthotic a mechanical applicance, such as a leg brace or splint, that is specially designed to control, correct, or compensate for impaired limb function
osteitis an inflammation of bone
osteoarthritis most commonly associated with aging (wear-and-tear arthritis)
osteochondroma a benign bony projection covered with cartilage
osteoclasis the surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity
osteomalacia abnormal softening of bones in adults
osteomyelitis an inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone
osteonecrosis the death of bone tissue due to a lack of sufficient blood supply
osteopenia thinner than average bone density in a young person
osteoporosis a marked loss of bone density and an increase in bone porosity that is frequently associated with aging
osteoporotic hip fracture usually caused by a weakening of the bones due to osteoporosis and can occur either spontaneously or as the result of a fall
osteorrhaphy the surgical suturing, or wiring together, of bones
Paget's disease a bone disease of unknown cause characterized by the excessive breakdown of bone tissue, followed by abnormal bone formation
pathologic fracture occurs when a weakened bone breaks under normal strain
percutaneous vertebroplasty performed to treat osteoporosis-related compression fractures
periostitis an inflammation of the periosteum
poditrist holds a Doctor of Podiatry or Doctor of Podiatric Medicine degree and specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the foot
prosthesis a substitute for a diseased or missing body part, such as a leg that has been amputated
rheumatoid arthritis a chronic autoimmune disorder in which the joints and some organs of other body systems are attacked
rickets a deficiency disease occurring in children
scoliosis an abnormal lateral (sideways) curvature of the spine
spina bifida a congenital defect that occurs during early pregnancy when the spinal canal fails to close completely around the spinal cord to protect it
spiral fracture a fracture in which the bone has been twisted apart
spondylolisthesis the forward slipping movement of the body of one of the lower lumbar vertebrae on the vertebra or sacrum below it
spondylosis a degenerative disorder that can cause the loss of normal spinal structure and function
subluxation the partial displacement of a bone from its joint
synovectomy the surgical removal of a synovial membrane from a joint
vertebrae the bony structure units of the spinal column (26)
Created by: frenzyennie