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European Vocabulary

satellite nation a nation dominated by another country
market economy a type of economic system in which production goods and services is determined by the demand for consumers
anti-semitism descrimination against jewish people
ethnic cleansing the policy of trying to eliminate an ethnic group
north atlantic drift a current of warm water from the tropics
westerly a marine west coast exists in europe
mistral cold, dry wind from the north
sirocco hot, sandy wind that blows from north america across the Med. sea into southern Europe
renaissance a time of renewed interest in learning and the arts that lasted from the 14th century through the 16th century; it began in italian city-states and spread north to all of Europe.
crusades a series of wars launched by European christians in 1096 to capture the holy land from muslams
republic a government in which citizens elect representatives to rule on their behalf
city-state an autonomous political unit made up of a city and its surrounding lands
aqueducts a structure that carries water over long distances
Bubonic Plaque (black death) trading ships carried the bubonic plaque on trading routes through out Europe, about 25 million Europeans died, (in terms of death toll) it was the worst disaster Europe ever suffered
Protestant Reformation a movement in western Europe beginning in 1517, when many christians broke away from catholic church and started protestant churches; this led to mutual hostility and religious wars that tore apart Europe
Feudalism a political system prevailing in Europe from about the 9th century to about the 15th centuries in which a king allowed nobles the use of his land in exchange for their military service and their protection of the land
nationalism the belief that people should be loyal to their nation, the people with whom they share land, culture, and history
holocaust the nazi program of mass murder of european jews during world war 2
berlin wall a wall erected by east germany in 1961to cut the capital of Berlin in two and later dismantled in 1989
Nordic-Countries countries of northern europe, including denmark, finland, iceland, norway, and sweden
parliament representing law making body whose members are elected or appointed and in which legislative and executive functions are combined
industrial revolution countries all over europe become more industrialized
Euro a common currency proposed by the european union for its member nations
cultural crossroads a place where various cultures cross paths
democracy a type of government in which citizens hold political power either directly or through representatives
dikes an earthen bank used to direct or prevent the passage of water
sea-works structure used to control the sea's destructive impact on human life
acid rain polluted precipitation
polder land that is reclaimed from the sea or other body of water by diking and drainage
deforestation cutting down and clearing away of trees and forests
Created by: rianepope