Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove Ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Upper Extremities

GA1 - T3 - Upper Extremities

QuestionAnswer
Trapezius - O Upper: External Occipital Protuberance Ligamentum nuchae Middle: C7-T3 Spinous Processes Lower: T4-T12 Spinous Processes
Trapezius - I Upper: Lateral third of clavicle Acromiom of scapula Middle: Spine of scapula Lower: Root of spine of scapula
Trapezius - A Upper: Elevation Upward rotation of scapula Middle: Retraction of scapula Lower: Depression Upward rotation of scapula
Trapezius - N Accessory n. (CNXI) spinal part (motor) C3, 4 spinal ns.
Levator Scapule - O C1-4 (tp's)
Levator Scapule - I Vertebral border of scapula from superior angle to root of spine
Levator Scapule - A Elevation Medial (downward) rotation of scapula
Levator Scapule - N Dorsal scapular n. (C5) C3, 4 spinal ns.
Rhomboids Major & Minor - O Major: T2-T5 (sp's) Minor: C7 & T1 (sp's)
Rhomboids Major & Minor - I Major: Vertebral border of scapula from root of spine to inferior angle Minor: Root of spine of scapula
Rhomboids Major & Minor - A Retraction of scapula Downward rotation of scapula
Rhomboids Major & Minor - N Dorsal scapular n. (C4, 5)
Serratus Anterior - O Lateral surface of upper 8 ribs
Serratus Anterior - I Vertebral border of scapula - anterior surface
Serratus Anterior - A Protraction/upward rotation of scapula Upward rotation of scapula Stabilizes scapula against chest wall Depression of scapula (lower fibers) Assists forced exhalation
Serratus Anterior - N Long thoracic n. (C5, 6, 7)
Pectoralis Minor - O Anterior surface of ribs 3, 4, 5 near costal cartilage
Pectoralis Minor - I Coracoid process of scapula (medial border of superior surface)
Pectoralis Minor - A Protraction, Depression, Downward rotation, Anterior tilt of scapula Assists forced inhalation
Subclavius - O 1st rib costocartilage junction
Subclavius - I Inferior shaft of clavicle - middle 1/3
Subclavius - A Depresses clavicle Stabilizes sternoclavicular joint
Subclavius - N Subclavian n. (C5, 6)
Pectoralis Major - O Clavicular Head: Medial half of clavicle Sternocostal Head: Sternum Cartilage of superior 6 ribs Aponeurosis of external oblique m.
Pectoralis Major - I Lateral lip of bicipital (intertubercular) groove of humerous
Pectoralis Major - A Adduction Horizontal adduction Medial rotation of humerus Clavicular Head: Flexion of humerus Sternocostal head: Extension of humerus Assists anterior tilt of scapula
Pectoralis Major - N Clavicular head: Lateral & medial pectoral ns. (C5,6) Sternocostal head: Medial pectoral n. (C7,8, T1)
Latissimus Dorsi - O Thoracolumbar aponeurosis Lower 6 thoracic sp's+Sacrum Iliac crest of ilium Lower 3-4 ribs Inferior angle of scapula
Latissimus Dorsi - I Bicipital (intertubercular) groove of humerus
Latissimus Dorsi - A Extension Medial rotation Adduction of humerus Medial (downward) rotation of scapula Assists depression of scapula
Latissimus Dorsi - N Thoracodorsal n. (C6, 7, 8)
Supraspinatus - O Supraspinous fossa of scapula
Supraspinatus - I Greater tubercle of humerous (superior facet)
Supraspinatus - A Initiates abduction Stabilization of head of humerous
Supraspinatus - N Suprascapular n. (C4, 5, 6)
Infraspinatus - O Infraspinous fossa of scapula
Infraspinatus - I Greater tubercle of humerus (middle facet)
Infraspinatus - A Lateral rotation Extension of humerus
Infraspinatus - N Suprascapular n. (C5, 6)
Teres Minor - O Upper 2/3 of axillary border of scapula
Teres Minor - I Greater tubercle of humerus (inferior facet)
Teres Minor - A Lateral rotation Extension of humerus
Teres Minor - N Axillary n. (C5, 6)
Subscapularis - O Subscapular fossa of scapula
Subscapularis - I Lesser tubercle of humerus
Subscapularis - A Medial rotation Adduction of humerus
Subscapularis - N Upper & Lower Suprascapular ns. (C5, 6, 7)
Teres Major - O Inferior angle of scapula (dorsal surface) Lower third of axillary border of scapula
Teres Major - I Medial lip of bicipital groove of humerus
Teres Major - A Extension Medial rotation Adduction of humerus
Deltoids - O Anterior: Lateral third of clavicle Middle: Acromiom of scapula - lateral surface Posterior: Spine of scapula
Deltoids - I Anterior: Flexion Horizontal adduction Medial rotation of humerus Middle: Abduction of humerus to 90 degrees Posterior: Extension, Horizontal adduction, Lateral rotation, scaption of humerus
Deltoids - N Axillary n. (C5, 6)
Coracobrachialis - O Coracoid process of scapula
Coracobrachialis - I Middle 1/3 of medial surface of humeral shaft
Coracobrachialis - A Flexion Adduction of humerus
Coracobrachialis - N Musculocutaneous n. (C5, 6, 7)
Biceps Brachii - O Short Head: Coracoid process of scapula Long Head: Supraglenoid tubercle of scapula
Biceps Brachii - I Tuberosity of radius & antebrachial fascia via Bicipital aponeurosis
Biceps Brachii - A Flexion of elbow Supination of forearm Short head: Flexion of humerus
Biceps Brachii - N Musculocutaneous n. (C5, 6)
Brachialis - O Lower half of anterior shaft of humerus
Brachialis - I Tuberosity of ulna Coronoid process of ulna
Brachialis - A Flexion of elbow
Brachialis - N Musculocutaneous n. (C5, 6)
Triceps Brachii - O Long Head: Infraglenoid tubercle of scapula Lateral Head: Posterior humerous above spiral groove Medial Head: Posterior humerus below spiral groove
Triceps Brachii - I Olecranon process of ulna
Triceps Brachii - A Extension of elbow Long Head: Extension of humerus
Triceps Brachii - N Radial n. (C6, 7, 8)
Flexor Carpi Radialis - O Medial epicondyle of humerus (common flexor tendon)
Flexor Carpi Radialis - I Bases of 2nd & 3rd metacarpals
Flexor Carpi Radialis - A Flexion Abduction of wrist (radial deviation)
Flexor Carpi Radialis - N Medain n. (C6, 7)
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris - O Humeral head: Medial epicondyle of humerus (common flexor tendon) Ulnar head: Proximal posterior ulna Olecranon process of ulna
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris - I Pisiform carpal bone+Hamate carpal bone Base of 5th metacarpal
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris - A Flexion Adduction of wrist (ulnar deviation)
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris - N Ulnar n. (C7, 8)
Palmaris Longis - O Medial epicondyle of humerus (common flexor tendon)
Palmaris Longis - I Palmar aponeurosis Flexor retinaculum
Palmaris Longis - A Assists flexion of wrist
Palmaris Longis - N Median n. (C7, 8)
Pronator Teres - O Humeral head: Medial epicondyle of humerus Ulnar head: Coronoid process of ulna
Pronator Teres - I Middle of lateral shaft of radius
Pronator Teres - A Pronation of forearm Assists in flexion of elbow
Pronator Teres - N Median n. (C6, 7)
Pronator Quadratus - O Distal fourth of anterior ulna
Pronator Quadratus - I Distal fourth of anterior radius
Pronator Quadratus - A Pronates forearm
Pronator Quadratus - N Median n. (C8, T1)
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis - O Humeroulnar head: Medial epicondyle of humerus (common flexor tendon) Coronoid process of ulna Radial head: Anterior oblique line of radius
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis - I Sides of shafts of middle phalanges of 4 fingers
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis - A Flexion of 4 fingers at PIP joints Assists flexion of wrist
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis - N Medan n. (C7, 8, T1)
Flexor Digitorum Profundis - O Proximal 3/4 of anterior ulna Interosseous membrane
Flexor Digitorum Profundis - I Bases of distal phalanges of 4 fingers
Flexor Digitorum Profundis - A Flexion of 4 fingers at DIP joints Assists flexion of wrist
Flexor Digitorum Profundis - N Radial 2 fingers: Median n. (C8, T1) Ulnar 2 fingers: Ulnar n. (C8, T1)
Flexor Pollicis Longus - O Middle of anterior radius Interosseous membrane
Flexor Pollicis Longus - I Distal phalanx of thumb
Flexor Pollicis Longus - A Flexion of thumb at IP joint
Flexor Pollicis Longus - N Median n. (C8, T1)
Brachioradialis - O Lateral supracondylar ridge of humerus
Brachioradialis - I Styloid process of radius
Brachioradialis - A Flexion of elbow with forearm in neutral position (mid-position, halfway between supination and pronation) Flexes in supinated/pronated position
Brachioradialis - N Radial n. (C5, 6, 7)
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus - O Lateral supracondylar ridge of humerus Lateral epicondyle of humerus
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus - I Base of 2nd metacarpal
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus - A Extension Abduction of wrist (radial deviation)
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus - N Radial n. (C6, 7)
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis - O Lateral epicondyle of humerus (common extensor tendon)
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis - I Base of 3rd metacarpal
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis - A Extension of wrist
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis - N Radial n. (C6, 7)
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris - O Humeral head: Lateral epicondyle of humerus (common extensor tendon) Ulnar head (deep to humeral head): Posterior proximal ulna - subcutaneous border
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris - I Base of 5th metacarpal
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris - A Extension Adduction of wrist (ulnar deviation)
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris - N Radial n. (C7, 8)
Extensor Digitorum - O Lateral epicondyle of humerus (common extensor tendon)
Extensor Digitorum - I Via extensor expansion of 4 fingers into base of 2nd & 3rd phalanges
Extensor Digitorum - A Extension of 4 fingers at MP joints & interphalangeal joints
Extensor Digitorum - N Radial n. (C6, 7, 8)
Extensor Digiti Minimi - O Lateral epicondyle of humerus (common extension tendon)
Extensor Digiti Minimi - I Via extensor expansion of little (5th) finger into 2nd & 3rd (proximal & distal) phalangeals
Extensor Digiti Minimi - A Extension of little (5th) finger at MP joint Assists extension of wrist & interphalangeal joints
Extensor Digiti Minimi - N Radial n. (C7, 8)
Supinator - O Lateral epicondyle of humerus Annular ligament of radius Radial collateral ligaments Proximal ulna at supinator crest
Supinator - I Lateral surface of proximal 1/3 of radius between anterior & posterior oblique lines
Supinator - A Supination of forearm
Supinator - N Radial n. (C7, 8)
Extensor Indicis - O Posterior Ulna Interosseous membrane
Extensor Indicis - I Via extensor expansion of index (2nd) finger into base of 2nd & 3rd (proximal & distal) phalanges
Extensor Indicis - A Extension of index finger at MP joint Assists extension of wrist & interphalangeal joints
Extensor Indicis - N Radial n. (C7, 8)
Abductor Pollicis Longus - O Posterior radius Posterior ulna Interosseous membrane
Abductor Pollicis Longus - I Base of 1st metacarpal
Abductor Pollicis Longus - A Abduction of thumb at CM joint Assists wrist abduction
Abductor Pollicis Longus - N Radial n. (C7, 8)
Extensor Pollicis Longus - O Posterior ulna - middle 1/3 Interosseous membrane
Extensor Pollicis Longus - I Base of distal phalanx of thumb
Extensor Pollicis Longus - A Extension of thumb at IP joint Assists wrist abduction
Extensor Pollicis Longus - N Radial n. (C7, 8)
Extensor Pollicis Brevis - O Posterior radius Interosseous membrane
Extensor Pollicis Brevis - I Base of proximal phalanx of thumb
Extensor Pollicis Brevis - A Extension of thumb at MP joint Assists wrist abduction
Extensor Pollicis Brevis - N Radial n. (C7, 8)
Abductor Pollicis Brevis - O Flexor retinaculum Trapezium carpal bone Scaphoid carpal bone
Abductor Pollicis Brevis - I Base of proximal phalanxe of thumb - radial side
Abductor Pollicis Brevis - A Abduction of thumb at CM joint
Abductor Pollicis Brevis - N Median n. (C8, T1)
Adductor Pollicis - O Transverse head: Anterior shaft of 3rd metacarpal Oblique head: Base of 2nd & 3rd metacarpals Capitate carpal bone Trapezoid carpal bone Trapezium carpal bone
Adductor Pollicis - I Base of proximal phalanx of thumb - medial side
Adductor Pollicis - A Adduction of thumb at CM joint
Adductor Pollicis - N Ulnar n. (C8, T1)
Flexor Pollicis Brevis - O Superficial head: Flexor retinaculum Trapezium carpal bone Deep head: Trapezoid carpal bone Capitate carpal bone
Flexor Pollicis Brevis - I Base of proximal phalanx of thumb - radial side
Flexor Pollicis Brevis - A Flexion of thumb at MP joint
Flexor Pollicis Brevis - N Superficial head: Median n. (C8, T1) Deep head: Ulnar n. (C8, T1)
Opponens Pollicis - O Flexor retinaculum Trapezium carpal bone
Opponens Pollicis - I Lateral shaft of 1st metacarpal
Opponens Pollicis - A Opposition of thumb at CM joint
Opponens Pollicis - N Median n. (C8, T1)
Flexor Digiti Minimi - O Flexor retinaculum Hook of hamate carpal bone
Flexor Digiti Minimi - I Base of proximal phalanx of little (5th) finger
Flexor Digiti Minimi - A Flexion of little (5th) finger at MP joint
Flexor Digiti Minimi - N Ulnar n. (C8, T1)
Opponens Digiti Minimi - O Flexor retinaculum Hook of the hamate carpal bone
Opponens Digiti Minimi - I Ulnar border of 5th metacarpal
Opponens Digiti Minimi - A Opposition of little (5th) finger at CM joint
Opponens Digiti Minimi - N Ulnar n. (C8, T1)
Abductor Digiti Minimi - O Pisiform carpal bone
Abductor Digiti Minimi - I Base of proximal phalanx of little (5th) finger - ulnar side
Abductor Digiti Minimi - A Abduction of little (5th) finger at MP joint
Abductor Digiti Minimi - N Ulnar n. (C8, T1)
Lumbricals (4) - O Flexor digitorum profundus tendons
Lumbricals (4) - I Extensor expansion of index, middle, ring, & little (2nd, 3rd, 4th, & 5th) fingers at proximal phalanges - radial side
Lumbricals (4) - A Flexion of fingers at MP joints Extension of fingers at PIP & DIP joints
Lumbricals (4) - N 1st & 2nd lumbricals (radial 2 fingers): Median n. (C8, T1) 3rd & 4th lumbricals (ulnar 2 fingers): Ulnar n. (C8, T1)
Palmar interossei (3) - O Shaft of 2nd, 4th, & 5th metacarpals - palmar surface
Palmar interossei (3) - I Base of proximal phalanges to extensor expansion of index, ring, and little (2nd, 4th, & 5th) fingers
Palmar interossei (3) - A Adductor of the index, ring, & little (2nd, 4th, & 5th) fingers at MP joints Assists lumbricals in MP flexion and PIP & DIP extension of index, middle, & ring (2nd, 3rd, & 4th) fingers
Palmar interossei (3) - N Ulnar n. (C8, T1)
Dorsal Interossei (4) - O Each interosseous has 2 heads arising from adjacent dorsal surface of metacarpals
Dorsal Interossei (4) - I Base of proximal phalanges to extensor expansion of index, middle, & ring (2nd, 3rd, & 4th) fingers: Radial side of 2nd & 3rd+Ulnar side of 3rd & 4th
Dorsal Interossei (4) - A Abduction of index & ring (2nd & 4th) fingers at MP joints Abduction & adduction of middle (3rd) finger at MP joint Assists lumbricals in MP flexion and PIP & DIP extension of index, middle, & ring (2nd, 3rd, & 4th) fingers
Dorsal Interossei (4) - N Ulnar n. (C8, T1)
Pectoralis Minor - N Medial pectoral n. (C8, T1)
Teres Major - N Lower subscapular n. (C5, 6)
Anconeus - O Lateral epicondyle of humerus
Anconeus - I Olecranon process & upper posterior surface of ulna
Anconeus - A Assists extension of elbow
Anconeus - N Radial n. (C7, 8, T1)
Created by: anaTOMi