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Lecture 5

Congenital Heart Disease I pages 1-11

Large pyramidal appendage is found? Morphologic Right Atrium
Small finger like appendage is found? Morphologic Left Atrium
The Valve that empties into the right ventricle is always named? The Tricuspid Valve
The valve that empties into the left ventricle is always named the? Mitral Valve
The Ventricle with the large apical trabeculations is ? The Morphologic right ventricle
the ventricle with the small trabeculations is ? the Morpholoic Left ventricle
Cardiac orientation is based on ? the orientation of the apex of the heart
How is sidedness of the heart determined by the position of teh morphologic right atrium
what is the sidedness of a normally positioned atria called situs solitus
what is the sidedness of a heart that is the mirror image of situs solitus called situs inversus
what is the it called when the heart has bilateral R or L atria isomerism (right or left)
What are the four main changes in circulation that occur in the neonate at birth 1) Placental circulation is eliminated 2) Pulmonary resistance drops and flow increases 3) Ductus arteriosus closes functionally 4) Foramen ovale closes
Clubbing of the fingers is a sign of? cyanosis
How can you remember what lesions are acyanotic APV (a patent valve prevents cyanosis- any defect that starts with an A, P, of V is acyanotic)
what defects are more common in females PDA and ASD
what defects are more common in males Aortic coarctation and stenosis
What are two examples of maternal diseases that can result in cardiac defects poorly controlled diabetes and lupus
What are two medications that are possible causes of cardiac defects Lithium and phenytoin
What are four complications that can occur as a result of Left to Right Shunting Right sided heart failure, Pulmonary Hypertension, Late cyanosis (Eisenmenger), and paradoxical embolus
What is Eisenmenger syndrome when the pulmonary pressure reaches system levels and the shunt may switch to a right to left shunt with resultant cyanosis
Created by: UVAPATH3