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Medical Terms final

Weekly medical terminology final terms

adenopathy gland disease
bilateral pertaining to both sides
cardiomegaly enlargement of the heart
distal farthest from the point of attachment to the body
gastroenterology study of the stomach and small intestine
inferior below; toward the feet or tail
intravenous inside, within a vein
myopathy muscle disease
neoplasm new growth/ formation; AKA a tumor
proximal closest to the point of attachment to the body
sagittal divides the body or structure into right and left portions
superior above; toward the head
arthrography x-ray of the joints and their soft tissues
atrophy lack of development; wasting away
biopsy removal of tissue for examination
bradykinesia slow movement
cyanosis slight bluish color of the skin due to lack of oxygen
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
erythema redness or flushing of the skin
hypertrophy excessive development
kyphosis abnormal condition of hump in the thoracic spine; humpback
necrotic/ necrosis tissue death
osteoporosis decrease in bone mass causing bone to become more porous
subcutaneous pertaining to beneath the skin
anaphylaxis severe reaction to an antigen
arrhythmia irregular heartbeat/ rhythm
atherosclerosis hardening of the arteries caused by the formation of plaques of cholesterol on the walls of the arteries
auscultation process of listening to the sounds of the body using a stethoscope
hematology study of blood
immunocompromised having an immune system that is unable to respond properly to pathogens
ischemia deficiency of blood supply due to an obstruction
leukopenia too few white blood cells
lymphadenopathy a general term for lymph node diseases
myocardial infarction condition caused by blockage of one or more coronary arteries. AKA a 'heart attack."
splenomegaly enlargement of the spleen
tachycardia fast/ rapid heart beat
antitussive Medication to relieve coughing
aphagia mot eating/ inability to eat
cholecystectomy surgical removal of/ excision of the gallbladder
dyspepsia upset stomach or indigestion
emesis vomiting
enteritis inflammation of the small intestine
epistaxis nosebleed
laparoscopy visual examination of the abdominal and pelvic contents through an endoscope
pneumonia inflammatory condition of the lung that can be caused by bacterial and viral infections, diseases, and chemicals
pneumothorax collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity, may result in collapse of the lung
thoracentesis surgical puncture of the chest wall for the removal of fluids, air, or pus
cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
dysmenorrhea painful menstruation
dysuria painful or difficult urination
gravida number of times a woman has been pregnant; a pregnant woman (gravid)
intrauterine within the uterus
lithotripsy destroying or crushing stones in the bladder or urethra
menarche first menstrual period
micturition another term for urination
nephrolithiasis the presence of calculi (stones) in the kidney
nephropathy kidney disease
nullipara a woman who has never produced a viable baby
oophorectomy surgical removal/ excision of an ovary
analgesia absence of pain
anesthesia absence of feeling of sensation
edema excess amounts of fluid in tissues
encephalitis inflammation of the brain
exophthalmos condition in which the eyeballs protrude; generally caused by excess thyroid hormone (causes brain to swell behind the eyes)
glycosuria excess sugar in the urine
hyperthyroidism excessive secretin of thyroid hormones in the blood
ketoacidosis excessive acidity of bodily fluids due to excess ketone bodies (waste products)
meningitis inflammation of the meninges
neuralgia nerve pain
polydipsia excessive thirst
syncope fainting
blepharoptosis drooping eyelid
diplopia double vision
lacrimal pertaining to tears
myringotomy incision into the tympanic membrane (ear drum)
otitis media inflammation of the middle ear
phobias irrational fears
presbycusis diminished hearing due to old age
chemotherapy treating disease by using chemicals that have a toxic effect on the body, especially cancerous tissue
gait manner of walking
hemostasis stopping the flow of blood using instruments, pressure, and/ or medication
metastasis the spread of cancer cells from one part of the body to another
supine lying horizontal and face up
AAA Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
ABG Arterial Blood Gas
a.c. (anti cibum) before meals
AP Anteroposterior
b.i.d. (bis in die) twice a day
BP Blood Pressure
BPH Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
bx biopsy
c with a line above it with
C & S culture and sensitivity
CA cancer, carcinoma
CABG Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
CAD coronary artery disease
CBC complete blood count
cc cubic centimeter
CCU cardiac care unit
CHF congestive heart failure
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid
CT computed tomography
CVA cerebrovascular accident
CXR chest x-ray
D & C dilation and curettage
DC discontinue
DJD Degenerative Joint Disease
DIP joint Distal Interphalangeal Joint
Dx Diagnosis
ECG, EKG Electrocardiogram
ENT ear, nose, and throat
EOM extraocular movement
ESRD end stage renal disease
FBS fasting blood sugar
Fx fracture
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
gtt (guttae) drops
GSW gun shot wound
HB, Hgb hemoglobin
Hct or H&H hematocrit: hematocrit and hemoglobin
HCV hepatitis C virus
HEENT head, ears, eyes, nose and throat
HOH hard of hearing
h.s. (hora somni) bedtime
HTN hypertension
I & D incision and drainage
I & O intake and output
IBD irritable bowel disease
IDDM insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
I.M. Intramuscular
I.V Intravenous
K potassium
KUB kidney, ureters, bladder
LMP last menstrual period
LFTs liver function test
MI myocardial infarction
MRSA methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
MS multiple sclerosis and musculoskeletal
MVP mitral valve prolapse
Na sodium
NG nasogastric
NIDDM Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NKDA no know drug allergies
n.p.o (nil per os nothing by mouth
NSAID non steroidal anti inflammatory drug
O2 oxygen
OCD obsessive compulsive disorder
ORIF open reduction, internal fixation
P&A palpation and auscultation
PAD peripheral artery disease
PERRLA pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation
p.r.n. (pro re nada) as needed
P.T. physical therapy
PT prothrombin time
q. (quaque) every
q.4h. every four hours
q.d. (use once daily) every day
q.h. every hour
q.i.d. (quarter in die) four times a day
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RBC red blood cell
ROM range of motion
s with a line above it without
SC, subcu, SQ Subcutaneous
SOB shortness of breath
sp. gr. specific gravity
STD sexually transmitted disease
T&A tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
TB tuberculosis
TIA transient ischemic attack
t.i.d (ter in die) three times a day
TM tympanic membrane
TJR total joint replacement
TPR temperature, pulse, respirations
Tx treatment
UA urinalysis
URI upper respiratory infection
US ultra sound
UTI urinary tract infection
WBC white blood cells
WNL within normal limits
Created by: kwnagel