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Psc Exam 2

QuestionAnswer
What is voter turnout in texas compared to other state Lower than other states
Caucus meeting of party members to select party candidates
Gender gap tendency for men and women to take different issue positions or to evaluate political figures differently
Australian Ballot ballot reform late 1880's 1) standardized ballot, 2) all candidates listed from office and party 3) secret ballot
Helping America Vote Act designed to create a single national standard for election procedures in presidentail and congressional elections
19th amendment women right to vote
closed primary only members of the parties may participate
open primary any registered voter may participate
political socialization process of acquireing political beliefs
public opinion the aggregation (adding up) of individual attitudes and beliefs on public issues
retrospective voting basing voting decisions on reactions to past performance
rational voter if benefits are greater than cost you will vote
slip ticket paper ballots printed by parties with their candidate's name; useful in elections with a lot of candidates running for office
winner take all whoever has the most votes wins
property barrier ends in hte 1820's with andrew jackson; required that a person owns property to vote
front loading states schedule presidential primaries earlier in the primary season
what age group has lowest turnout 18-20 years
random sample sample chosen in such a way that any member of the population being polled has an equal chance of being selected
How many votes are needed to win presidency majority of electoral college votes (270)
grandfather clause law that said anyone whose grandfather could vote was allowed to vote,so even if a white was poor and couldn't pay poll taxes, and dumb and couldn't pass a literacy test, then they could still vote because they are white
prospective voting basing voting decisions on well informed opinons and consideration consideration of the future consequences of a given vote
faithless electors 1820's 17 elevtors have cast their vote oposite of their state. some states have laws that prohobit this
suffrage means to vote
solidarity benefits interactin and bonding with a group help develope a sense of identity and social skills enjoy being part of the group
sore loser law prohibits a person from voting or running with one party in the primaries then switching to the other party to run later
selective benefits benefits available to memeber of the group
indirect lobbying working through others usually people outside the capitol
astroturf lobbying fake grassroots lobbying. creates illusion of broad public support for a cause
what legislation did John mccain and russel reingold sponsor? reform campaign finance
primary election narrows the field of candidates before an election for office. candidates are chosen through elections among party members
revolving door when some one works in government then becomes a lobbyist
exit poll surveys taken as voters leave the polling place
straw poll nonrandom poll. with own method with own bias. not systematic and not random. making the selection of people
focus group small number of people brought together to generate a discussion that will reveal their perceptions in a friendly casual atmosphere
loaded question a question designed to generate a specific answer
selective incentives interest groups utilize to overcome the free rider problem
pluralism the belief that numerous groups freely competing with one another for influence over policy will produce fair results. good policy results from struggle among groups
Created by: 546184487