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Anatomy-Caitlin

Anatomy SciOly

QuestionAnswer
What is the Spongy Bone? hard bone with little holes that is under compact bone
What is the Periosteum? outer part of a long bone
What is the Epiphysis? the end of a long bone
What is the Diaphysis? the shaft of a long bone
What is the Medullary Cavity? cavity in diaphysis of a bone that contains red and yellow marrow
What is the Compact Bone? dense bone underneath the periosteum
What is the Red Marrow? produces red/white blood cells and platelets
What is the Yellow Marrow? fatty connective tissue
What is the Skeletal System? supports and protects the body (bone)
What is the Nutrient Artery? supplies oxygen and nutrients to the shaft of the bone
What is the Integumetary System? protects the body from pathogen invasion, water loss, and physical trauma(skin)
What is the Muscular System? supports and enables the body to move muscles
What is the Nervous System? detects information from the enviorment and controls body functions(brain, soinal chord, nerves, sense organs, receptors)
What are the Cardiovascular System? transports nutrients and waste to and from all body tissue(heart, blood, blood vessels.
What are the Sensory Neurons? bring messages to CNS
What are the Motor Neurons? carry messages from CNS
What are the Interneurons? between sensory & motor neurons in the CNS
What is the Dendrite? receive stimulus and carries it impulses toward the cell body
What is the Cell Body With Nucleus? nucleus & most of cytoplasm
What is the Axon? fiber which carries impulses away from cell body
What is the Schwann Cells? cells which produce myelin or fat layer
What is the Myelin sheath? lipid layer around the axon
What is the Node of Ranvier? gaps or nodes in the myelin sheath
How do Impulses travel? impulses travel from dendrite to cell body to axon
What is the Excretory System? the system that removes watse from your body and controls water balance ( kidneys, urters, bladder, uthera )
What is the Respitory System? takes in oxygen and eliminates carbon dioxide (air passages, lungs)
What is the Digestive System breaks down food and absorbs nutrients (mouth, esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, small, and large intestines)
What is the Immune System the cells, tissues, and organs that protect the body from disease (lymph nodes and vessels, white blood cells)
What is the Endocrine System mantains homeostasis, regulate metabolism, growth, behavior, development, and reproductive (endocrine glands, hormones)
What is the Reproductive System system of organs involved in producing offspring ( ovaries, uterus, mammary glands, testes)
What is the Muscle Tissue? compsed of cells that can contract (skeletal, smooth, and cardiac)
What is the nervous Tissue? contains neurons that receive and transmit messages as electrical charges
What is the Epithelial Tissue? layers of cells that line or cover al internal and external body surfaces (ex. skin)
What is the Connective Tissue? binds, support, and protect structures in the body (ex. bones, cartilage, tendons, fat, blood)
What is the Body Cavity? compartments where organs and organ system are housed (cranial, spinal, thoracic, abdominal, pelvic)
What is the Haversian Canal? narrow channel within each cylinder of compact bone that contains blood vessels
What is the Ossification? process in which cartilage turns into bone
What is the Synapse? junction between neurons. neurons do not actually tough at the synapse. neurotransmitters used to restart impulse in dendrite of 2nd neuron
What are the Neurotransmitters? chemicals in the junction which allow impulses to be started in the second neuron
What is in the Brain Stem? medulla, pons, midbrain
What is in the Diencephalon? thalamus & hypothalamus
What is in the Spine? spinal cord
What are the Lobes of the Cerebrum? frontal parietal temporal occipital
What are the Special Regions? broca’s area wernicke’s area limbic System
What are the Chemical Receptors on our tongue? sweet sour bitter salty msg
What are the Disorders of the Nervous System? Epilepsy, Seizures, Alzheimer’s Disease Multiple Sclerosis Parkinson’s Disease, Shingles (herpes zoster), Cerebral palsy, Glaucoma, Pink eye (conjunctivitis)
What are the Effects of Drugs? Alcohol Caffeine Nicotine Marijuana
What does th Liver do? provides bile salts to the small intestine, which are critical for digestion and absorption of fats.
What are the Salivary Glands? Secrete salivary amylase
What is the Gallbladder? stores bile
What is the Pancreas? Secretes pancreatic amylase and other provides digestive enzymes to the small intestine which are critical for digestion of fats, carbohydrates and protein.
What is the Esophagus? a simple tube between the mouth and stomach. Peristalsis aides in swallowing
Created by: caittiff