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Muscular System Jr.

Junior Med Tech

Active ROM Performed by the patient
Passive ROM Performed by the health care worker
ROM Range of Motion
Active assist ROM Assiting the patient to perform ROM
Resistive ROM ROM performed during resistance by the patient, only done by physical therapist
Moving a body part away from the body Abduction
Moving a body part toward the body Adduction
Turning the palm up Supination
Turning the palm down Pronation
Straightening a body part Extension
Bending the foot toward the knee Dorsi Flexion
Pointing the toe Plantar Flexion
Swinging the arm in a circle Circumduction
Turning the foot outward Eversion
Turning the foot inward Inversion
Turning the head side to side Rotation
Moving toward the thumb side of the hand Radial deviation
Moving toward little finger side of hand Ulnar deviation
Touching each of the fingers with the tip of the thumb. Opposition
The ability to be stretched Extensibility
Three types of muscles Skeletal, Cardiac, and Visceral
Smooth Another name for visceral muscles
Ability to respond to a stimulus Excitability
To become short and thick Contractibility
Ability to return to the original shape Elasticity
Partial contraction Muscle tone
A condition that compresses nerves, blood vessels and muscles inside a closed space Compartment syndrome
pain when area is squeezed S/S Compartment syndrome
Swelling in the area S/S Compartment syndrome
Surgery is needed immediately Compartment syndrome
Inherited disorder, involves muscle weakness that worsens Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Caused by a defective gene Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
No Cure Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Neuromuscular disorder, involves the nerves that control the muscles Myasthenia Gravis
Immune system attacks healthy cells Myasthenia Gravis
Eyelid drooping, drooping head, facial paralysis,muscle weakness Myasthenia Gravis
Breakdown of muscle fibers,leads to the breakdown of muscle fibers in to the blood stream Rhabdomyolysis
Crush injuries, seizures, heatstroke, trauma Causes of Rhabdomyolysis
Painful, swollen, bruised,or tender areas of the body S/S Rhabdomyolysis
Inflammation and degeneration of the muscle tissue Myositis
Muscle weakness, pain, swelling and inflammation, difficulty to lift the hands above the head, change in color of fingers and toes Myositis
Treatments vary but may include rest, anti-inflammatory medications and physical therapy Myositis
A malignant tumor of the skeletal muscles and possibly some visceral muscles Rhabdomyosarcoma
Causes are unkown, rare, children with certain birth defects are at increased risk Rhabdomyosarcoma
Problems with vision, bulging of the eye, nose/throat tumors S/S of Rhabdomyosarcoma
Damage to muscle or its attaching tendons Muscle Strain
Treat with RICE or NSAIDS Muscle Strain
Involuntary muscle contractions Muscle Twitching
Inflammation of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot Plantar Fascitis
Pain and stiffness in the bottom of the heel Plantar Fascitis
Tylenol, Ibuprofen, Rest, Night splints to stretch the foot, ICE, Shoes with cushions Treatment for Plantar Fascitis
Widespread muscle pain, joint stiffness, and fatigue S/S of Fibromyalgia
No known causes, factors could be genetics, infection or physical or emotional trauma Fibromyalgia
Affects more women than men, used to be thought as a psychological disorder Interesting fact-Fibromyalgia
End of the muscle that attaches to the bones and does not move Origin
End of the muscle that contracts, moves Insertion
Created by: Ms. Blair



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