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Skull, Face & Neck

QuestionAnswer
What is the top of the skull called? Calvaria
What is the posterior side of the skull called? Base opening? Pointy process? Occipital portion, Foramen magnum, Styloid process
Describe a newborn's skull Babies are all calvaria
What is the front of the babies head called? Viscerocranium because there are soft structures that this portion of the skull is surrounding
What type of ossification takes place in the neurocranium? Intramembranous ossification
What is the top soft spot of the babies head called? Fontanelles
Describe the occipital bone Sweeps under the skull but does not go in. Lambdoid suture in the back. The bump on the back is called the external occipital proturbenance
Describe the temporal bone Bump in back called mastoid process. Big muscle attached called sternocleidomastoid. The hole for ear=pinna. Stylomastoid foramen. Styloid process is part of temporal bone.
Name more parts of the temporal bone Part of cheek bone, zygomatic process, superior and inferior temporal lines, temporal fossa. Temporalis muscle that is covered with temporalis fascia
What kind of muscles are in the infratemporal fossa? Chewing muscles
What fissure is in the right orbit? Superior orbital fissure and next to it is the optical canal. Inferior orbital fissure that doesn't go inside of skull but below into pteygopalatine
What bone is paper thin and often subject to injury? Ethmoid bone
What depression is in the lacrimal bone? A depression where the lacrimal sac and there will be an apparatus that removes tears from the eyes
Where does the pituitary gland sit? On the turkish saddle located on the sphenoid bone
Name the scalene muscles and attachments Visceral portion is movable. Musculoskeletal is not.
What is located in the visceral portion of the neck? Common carotid artery, laryngeal prominence, thyroid gland, tracheal rings, some muscles for vocalization
What structures does the carotid sheath surround? Internal jugular vein, common carotid artery and vagus nerve
Where do the following muscles attach: Anterior scalene, Posterior Scalene and Middle Scalene? Anterior: 1st rib and anterior tubercle on the transverse process. Posterior: 2nd rib. Middle: Posterior tubercle and 1st rib
What do all of the scalene muscles make up? Interscalene triangle
Name the anterior neck muscles Platysma: Facial expression. Suprahyoid, Infrahyoid and Strap muscles
Name the strap muscles Omahyoid: Superior and inferior belly. Sternohyoid: pulls hyoid down
What infrahyoid muscles are deep to the sternohyoid? Sternothyroid and thyrohyoid
What muscle makes up the floor of the mouth? Mylohyoid
What makes up the anterior triangle of the neck? Mandible, anterior edge of sternocleidomastoid and midline going straight up
What makes up the posterior triangle of the neck? Posterior of sternocleidomastoid, edge of trapezius and clavicle
What makes up the floor of the posterior triangle? Nerves? Scalenes, splenius and levator scapulae muscle. Brachial plexus, hypoglossal, accessory and phrenic
Name the face muscles Panniculus. Orbicularis oris: Around mouth. Contract=lips pucker. Orbicularis oculi: around eye. Levator labii superioris: upper lip. Risorius: grin. Depressor labii: lower lip
Name the glands and ducts on side of face Parotid gland. Salivary gland. Parotid duct: Deliver saliva into mouth through cheek. Parotid gland grew at end of duct
Name the branches of the facial nerve Temporal, Zygomatic, Buccal, Marginal, Cervical