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Ch 17 Sense Organs

Chabner, The Language of Medicine 8th edition chapter 17 combining forms

aque/o water
blephar/o eyelid
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
cor/o pupil
corne/o cornea
cycl/o ciliary body, muscle of the eye
dacry/o tears, tear duct
ir/o, irid/o iris (colored portion of eye)
kerat/o cornea
lacrim/o tears
ocul/o eye
opthalm/o eye
opt/o, optic/o eye, vision
palpebr/o eyelid
papill/o opticdisc, nipple-like
phac/o, phak/o lens of the eye
pupill/o pupil
glauc/o gray
mi/o smaller, less
mydr/o widen, enlarge
nyct/o night
phot/o light
presby/o old age
scot/o darkness
xer/o dry
-opia vision
-opsia vision
-tropia to turn
astigmatism defective curvature of the cornea or lens of the eye
hyperopia farsightedness
myopia nearsightedness
presbyopia impairment of vision as a result of old age
cataract clouding of the lens, causing decreased vision
chalazion small, hard, cystic mass (granuloma) on the eyelid formed as a result of chronic inflammation of a sebaceous gland
diabetic retinopathy retinal effects of diabetes mellitus
glaucoma increased intraocular pressure results in damage to the retina and optic nerve with loss of vision
hordeolum localized, purulent, inflammatory staphylococcal infection of a sebaceous gland in the eyelid
mascular degeneration progressive damage to the macula of the retina
nystagmus repetitve rhythmic movements of one or both eyes
retinal detachment two layers of the retina separate from each other
strabismus abnormal deviation of the eye.
acous/o hearing
audi/o hearing, the sense of hearing
aur/o, auricul/o ear (ot/o)
cochle/o chochlea
mastoid/o mastoid process
myring/o eardrum, tympanic membrane
ossicul/o ossicle
ot/o ear
salping/o eustachian tube, auditory tube
staped/o stapes (third bone of middle ear)
tympan/o eardrum, tympanic membrane
vestibul/o vestibule
-acusis or -cusis hearing
-meter instrument to measure
-otia ear condition
acoustic neuroma benign tumor arising from the acoustic vestibulocochlear nerve
cholesteatoma collection of skin cells and cholesterol in a sac within the middle ear
deafness loss of the ability to hear
Meniere disease Disorder of the labyrinth of the inner ear, elevated endolymph pressure within the cochlea and semicircular canals
otitis media inflammation of the middle ear
otosclerosis hardening of the bony tissue of the middle ear
tinnitus sensation of noises in ears
vertigo sensation of irregular or whirling motions either of oneself or of external objects.
Created by: MUZZY