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General Arthology

Tissues, bones and joints

What is "anatomy" the study of form within the animalia skeleton
describe the general animal organisation Apparatus (animal) - made by systems - systems made by organs - organs made my tissues - tissues made by cells.
name the four main tissues of the body epithelial, muscular, connective, nervous
describe epithelial tissue it lines the exterior body and also internal cavities
describe muscular tissue has a contractile function, this can be voluntary or involuntary.
what are the three types of muscular tissue skeletal, smooth and cardiac
describe nervous tissue allows communication throughout the body
what are the two cells groups within the nervous tissue neurons/nerve cells and glia cells
name the different apparatus in the body digestive, circulatory, respiratory, reproductive, locomotor, urogenital, nervous and integumental
what are the three types of joints in the body fibrous, cartilaginous and synovial
describe a fibrous joint it has no motility, has no articular cartilage and can be of two types (1) suture (2) syndesmosis
describe a suture fibrous joint a suture fibrous joint ossifies over time, is mostly flat, found in the skull, scapula and face
describe a syndesmosis fibrous joint does not ossify over time, is found in the connection between radius/ulna and fibia/tibia and the costal cartilages.
describe a cartilaginous joint has slight motility, has an articular cavity, has two types (1) syndrochrosis (2) symphysis
describe a syndrochrosis cartilaginous joint has articular cartilage with HYALINE, ossifies over time
give an example of where a syndrochrosis cartilaginous joint would be found in the connection between the basiocciptal and basisphenoid of the skull
describe a symphysis cartilaginous joint has articular cavities that are made of fibrocartilage, doesn't ossify over time
give an example of where the symphysis cartilaginous joint may be found between the vertebrae bones in the vertebral column
what does the term 'hyaline' mean it is a product that is produced when epithelial surfaces rub together
describe a synovial joint has the most movement, are found mostly in the appendicular skeleton but is very common in the whole body
what are two parts that make a synovial joint a cavus articulare which is a joint cavity and a capsula articularis which is a joint capsule
what type of fluid does a synovial joint have synovia or synovial fluid
ow many bones can be in a synovial joint and depending on the number of bones involved, what type of synovial joint is it a synovial joint that involves just 2 bones = simple, a synovial joint that has more than 2 = a compound joint.
an example of the synovial simple joint the shoulder joint of the dog, made of the scapula and the humerus
an example of a synovial compound joint the stifle joint of the dog, the femero-tibio-patella joint.
synvoial joints are classified depending on the amount of movement and direction of movement that joint can allow, what are the different groups in relation to this? plane, saddle, hinge, condyler, trochoid, spheroid
name the regions of the axial skeleton cranium, cirvical vertebrae, thoracic vertebrae, lumbar vertebrae, sacral vertebrae and caudal vertebrae. the ribs and the sternum.
name the two parts of the appendicular skeleton. (1) the thoracic/fore limb (2) the pelvic/ hind limb
name the bones in the thoracic limb of the appendicular skeleton scapula, humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, digits and phalanges
name the bones in the pelvic limb of the appendicular skeleton pelvic bone, femur, fibia, tibia, tarsals, metatarsals, digits and phalanges
name the joints in the thoracic limb of the appendicular skeleton shoulder joint, elbow joint, the 2 radiulnar joints (proximal and distal), carpals joints, intermetacarpal joints, phalangeal joints, metacarpophalangeal joints
name the joints in the pelvic limb of the appendicular skeleton sacroilac joint, pelvic symphyis, coxofemoral joint, stifle joint, tibiofibular joints, tarsus/hock joint
what type of joints is the majority of the skull made from fibrous joints that do not provide movement
what type of joints are in the vertebral column symphysis cartilaginous joints and synovial joints with articular processes. provide movement.
atlanto occipital joints are a condyler joints that is acting as a hinge joint between the occipital condyles and the cranial articular surfaces
atlanto axial joint a pivot type synovial joint between the dens of axis and cranial surfaces of the atlas
costovertebraljoints are between the ribs and vertebrae. this includes the rib/head joints and the rib tubercle joints.
what is the main types of joint in the skull? fibrous joints
what is the main types of joint in the vertebral coloumn? cartilaginous joints
what is the main type of joint in the appendicular limbs? synovial joints
what are the different types of bones long, short, irregular, pneumatic, flat
what is the outer most membrane of a bone the periosteum.
what are the purposes of having bone as a structural unit, protection for the vital organs, strength, muscle attachment, blood cell production, having a calcium/phosphorous store, giving the body a frame, movement.
what are the two typical parts of a long bone two epiphysis and one diaphysis
Created by: epell5



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