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Dr. Rudy A&P

ASHA MT Fall Day

Define Anatomy the study of structure
Define physiology the study of function
define somatic of the body
define paranasal alongside or near the nose
Define collagen tough, stringy protein found in matrix
Define ligament cords that link bones together
Name the major body cavaties *cranial - brain *spinal - spinal cord *thoracic - heart & lungs *abdominal- major organs (stomach,gall bladder, liver, kidneys) *Pelvic - Uterus, urinary bladder
Define cell the smallest unit of life
Define tissue a cluster of similar cells
Define organ two or more different tissues grouped together to carry out a common function
Define system an association of various organs whose activities are coordinated to carry out a common purpose
Four types of tissue epithelial, connective, muscle, nerve
Define connective tissue loose scattering cells in a matrix
fibrous connective tissue a matrix that is rich in collagen fibers
Defone tendons cords that link muscle to bone
Define deep fascia sheet of fibrous tissue that covers muscle
Function of Bone support, protection, movement, storage of minerals, blood formation
Two main components of the bone matrix collagen fibers & calcium salts
three types of bone cells osteoblasts - produce bony matrix osteocytes - maintain bony matrix osteoclasts - breaks down bony matrix
Main salts in bone matrix calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate
cartilanginous matrix is made of collagen fibers and chondroitin sulfate
Three main types of cartilage *hyaline - smooth & glassy, between joints reducing friction *Fibrocartilage - more collagen fibers, more flexible *elastic - ability to stretch and bounce back
growth in diameter osteoblasts continuously adds to compact bone
Epiphysial plate a slab of hyaline cartilage located between epiphysis & diaphysis,
Growing in length Osteoblasts eat away cartilage & replace with bone while chondroblasts make more cartilage
Define fracture a break in the bone
four types of fractures simple(closed) - single break not through skin compound (open) - single break through skin comminuted - shattered bone compression - bone caves in
Explain osteoporosis condition in which bone resorption is faster than bone formation, main factors are sedentary lifestyles, lack of vitamin C
Explain osteomalacia softening of bones due to loss of calcium
Explain rickets softening of bones due to lack of vitamin D
Explain scurvy decreased bone density & breakdown of blood vessels due to vitamin C deficiency
Axial skeleton consists of the skull, vertebral column, & the rib cage
appendicular skeleton consists of upper & lower extremities
Describe paranasal cavities lined with mucous membranes and filled with air
Define fontanels soft spots in infant cranium
function of fontanels allows infant cranium to compress
define auditory tube links middle ear to throat
function of auditory tube balances the air pressure on both sides of ear drum
Define Mandible lower jaw bone
Define Maxilla upper jaw bone (2)
How many cervical vertebrea in vertebreal column? 7
How many thoracic vertebrea in vertebreal column? 12
How many lumbar vertebrea in vertebreal column? 5
normal curves of the vertebral column are... anterior curves are lordotic, posterior curves are kyphotic
abnormal curves of the vertebral column are... excessive lordotic curves are lordosis 'swayback' and excessive kyphotic curves are kyphosis 'humpback'
How is the Atlas (C1) differant from other vertebrea? has no body and no spinous process
explain intervertebral disc consists of annulus fibrosus and nucleous pulposus
explain herniated disk disk not in its proper position
explain bulging disk disk that ballons outward
explain ruptured disk disk that is torn and leaking nucleous purposus
Name the 5 ligaments stabalizing vertebral column anterior longitudinal , posterior longitudinal, supraspinous, interspinous, ligamentum nuchae
Name 3 parts of the sternum manubrium, body, xiphoid process
Created by: amusicchild



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