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Chapter 17

Ap Euro

War between russia, france, austria, and prussia for sileasia. Sevens years' war
unctioned as informal schools where established hostesses bonded with younger women and passed skills on to them;a place where educated and enlightened men and women could meet and discuss their thoughts. Salons
Art style popular with women. consisted of soft lines and pastel colors rococo
A book by jean jacques rosseau that stated that a ruler forms a contract with the people he rules in rder to be their ruler. basis of many ideas of european revolutions The social Contract
greek astronomer and geographer; seet forth the geocentric theory ptolemy
Frnech word for philosopher and it is in france that the enlightenment will go the farthest. philsopohes
Way of thinking created by descartes, says that there is a physical world and a non-physical world. cartesian dualism
One of the oldest univesitites in the world. newton,Cromwell, bacon, kelvin, and darwin all attended. cambridge university
the idea that the sun is the center of the universe. heliocentrism
Marie theresa was to succeed austrian throne, france and prussia no like. Britain and dutch help out austrians war of austrian succession
an early modern term for the study of the nature of the universe Natural philosophy
proper way to explore the universe- is through repeatable experiments experimental method
idealized intellectual space, where public came together to discuss important issues of the day public sphere
monarchy is the best form of government cameralism
jewish enlightenment of the second half of the 18th century led by prussian moses mendelssohn haskalah
Transition in europe, from literacy consisting of patriarchal and communal religious texts to literacy commonplace and readin material broad. Reading revolution
The great greek philsopher of the 4th century B.C.E., In the early 1500s natural philosophy was still based primarily on the idea of him believed Geocentric model Artistotle
English philosopher,statesman, scientist,hurist,and author. devloped the scientific method bacon francis
1627-1691 Irish chemist; wrote the sceptical chemist; devloped boyle's law; described what an element is boyle robert
1546-1601 agreed with copernicus was danish built the most sophiscated observatory he believed that all planets but earth revovled around the sun and then those planets and the sun revoled around earth Brahe tycho
russian ruler; had her husband killed. sought out to improve austria with her three goals Catherine the great
1473-1543 polish cleric that came up with the heliocentric model wrote the "on the revolution of heavenly spheres." Copernicus, Nicolaus
Algebra is in geometry, cartesian dulaism; universe is full of collisions Descartes Rene
French philosopher,writer and critic; iditor in chief of encyclopedia Diderot denis
American ambassador in paris invited electricity franklin benjamin
King of prussia, brilliant military campaigner, enlightened despot, called himself "first servant of the state." established religious toleration, freedom of press and reformed law code. frederick the great
Source of original idea of body systems 4 humors galen
a florentine from italy came up with experimental method law of inertia and discovered jupiter has moons!! galileo
author of "decline and fall of the roman empire". criticized christianity and most other organized religions gibbon edward
Circulation of blood in the body harvey william
Humans are evil and need a strong ruler; A social contract between a ruler and his people hobbes, thomas
wrote the "on the different races of man" original race= white brunette from germany kant immanuel
1571-1630 was brahe's young assistant, german devloped three new and revolutionary laws of plantary motion; the orbits of planets around the sun is elliptical rather than circular planets do not move at a uniform speed in their orbits kepler johannes
founder of micro biology and the microscope leauwenhoek antonie van
life liberty and humans are good locke john
maria theresa
friend of newton, athematician and physicist who advocated for the education of women marquise du chatlet
enlightenment phlosophes wrote " spirit of the laws" in 1748 montesquieu
whole universe is unified calculus newtin isaac
catherine's lover who killed peter III giving her the throne orlov gregory
Wrote "common sense" which attacked the wieght of custom and the evils of government agaisnt the natural society of men. paine thomas
first to explore using drugs to fix chemical imbalances paracelsus
a great greek philsopher in the 2nd cnetury said the planets moved in small circles called epicycles, each of which moved in turn along a larger circle ptolemy
wrote the social contract rousseau, jean jacque
1632-1677 was excommunicated by the reaktively large jewish community of amsterdam for his controversial religious ideas. Beleived that mind and body were one sbstance and that god and nature were two names for the same thing. spinoza baruch
published "on the structure of the human body" explored the human body through dissection vesalius andreas
french writer,playwright, and poet deist who bitterly attacked religious intolerance; wrote candide; empirical knowledge, mechanical universe,perfectibility of man, goodness and preservation of nature voltaire (francis marie Arouet)
Created by: 100000148773714