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UMT:Ch 2 Human Body4

Chapter 2 The Human Body: Treatments, Procedures, and Devices

QuestionAnswer
CAT scan or CT scan Computed Axial Tomography Scan (AX ee al * toh MOG rah fee) a diagnostic scan similar to x-ray, in which data from beams of energized particles (x-rays_ are computer interpreted to produce a 3D, cross-sectional "slice" or image of the body.
diagnosis (dye ahg NOH siss) the determination of the nature of a disease
endoscopy (ehn DOSS koh pee) a diagnostic procedure that involves a visual examination with an endoscope (EHN doh skope), which includes a camera, fiber optics, and a long flexible tube that can be inserted into the patient
etiplogy (ee tee ALL oh jee) study of the causes of disease
examination an evaluation made for the purpose of diagnosis by identifying physical evidence of disease, such as signs and symptoms
MRI magnetic resonance imaging (mag NETT ik * REX on nenns) diagnostic scan that used a powerful magnetic field generated within a chamber in which the patient lies; the field traces the element hydrogen in the patient's body, the results are the clearest, complete computer generated 3D image of soft tissues.
pathologist (path ALL oh jist) one who studies disease
pathology (path ALL oh jee) the study of disease
PET scan positron emission tomography scan (PAHZ ih tron * ee MISH uhn * toh MOG rah fee) a diagnostic scan that employs computers and radioactive substances to examine the metabolic activity of various parts of the body and to create color-coded imagee
prognosis (prog NOH siss) a forecast of the probably cause or outcome of a disease
ultrasound (ULL trah sound) a diagnostic procedure in which harmless soundwaves are pulsated through body tissues; the pulse echoes are converted into images of internal body structures by computer
Created by: Burhoe222