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introtoanatomy

INTRO TO ANATOMY TEST

QuestionAnswer
word parts that are beginning prefix
word parts at the end sufix
what is a word root meaning of the word
what is a combing form a vowel
when do you use the combining forms vowel when adding a sufix
anterior front of the body
posterior back of the body
ventral mouth, front body, talking
dorsal back, think of fish
central core
peripheral everything outside core
superficial closest to surface
deep farthest from surface
inner aspect nothing sees surface
caudal tail
afferent towards the structure
efferent moving away from structure
what structure divides the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity diaphragm
what is the space between the lungs that contains the heart trachea,esophagus and great vessels located within the thoracic mediastinum
list four major elements of the body nitrogen, oxygen, carbon, hydrogen
when elements come together they form molecules
when molecules come together they form cells
when cells come together they form tissues
when tissues come together they form a organ
when organs come together they form a system
the fundamental basic structural unit of the body is cell
cell membrane/plasma membrane protects the cell, covers, allows things to come in or go out
cytoplasm liquids inside the cell that supports everything
nucleus CEO, controls everything
what is karyotyping looking at DNA for genetic problems
nucleolus produces proteins- in nucleus
mitrochondria creates ATP- energy
endoplasmic reticulum set of tubes that transport proteins
TISSUE: epithelial to protect and lubricate
TISSUE: connective tissue to bind and support
TISSUE: muscle tissue movement
TISSUE: nervous tissue communicating
TYPE OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE: mucous membrane to protect and lubricate
TYPE OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE: serous membrane to line and protect
TYPE OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE: cutaneous membrane to cover and protect
TYPE OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE: glands to secreate and protect
what systems have mucous membranes respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive
body cavities are lined with ______ membranes serous
known to produce a slippery substance called _____ to protect tissues serous
3 SEROUS MEMBRANES: pleura lungs
3 SEROUS MEMBRANES: pericardium heart
3 SEROUS MEMBRANES: peritoneum organs
SPECIFIC CELLS OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE: fibroblast scar tissue
SPECIFIC CELLS OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE: macrophage eat and devour
SPECIFIC CELLS OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE: mast cells part of imfamutory process
SPECIFIC CELLS OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE: plasma membranes make anti bodies
SPECIFIC CELLS OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE: adipocytes provide fuel and cushion body
ct cells are suspended in a gel-like fluid called ground substance
collagen large profiens, very strong
reticular mesh like netting
elastin strong, stretchable
which fiber is strongest? collagen
which ct is the most rigid and densest bone
which ct is known for storing available energy adipose
which Ct binds to the skin loose/areolar
which ct makes up tendons and ligaments dense fibious
which ct protects then ends of all bones cartilage
what body work modalities engage this property acupuncture
SPECIFIC CELLS OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE: fibroblast
SPECIFIC CELLS OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE: macrofauge
SPECIFIC CELLS OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE: mast cells
SPECIFIC CELLS OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE: plasma cells
SPECIFIC CELLS OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE: adapost
superior above
inferior below
cephalic head
distal farthest distance from structure
proximal closest to structure
medial middle
lateral side of the body
supine laying on spine
prone laying on belly
which ct surrounds the muscles and blood vessels elastin
which ct protects the ends of all bones cartilage
tensegrity change shape but remains resilient
thixotropic when agitated it liquids
piezoelectricity small electro currents
what bodywork modalities engage in piezoelectricity? pe'trissage, compression or skin rolling
TWO TYPES OF NERVOUS CELLS neurons and neuroglia
2 DIVISIONS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM central and peripheral
homeostasis standing still
nutrient any useful substance
energy ability to perform work
metabolism all chemical reactions
ayurveda means way of life
form of energy medicine uses 5 elements in combination to form the doshas
"wheel of light" chakras
anabolism building up
catabolism break down
when water moves from an area of greater concentrartion to lesser is osmosis
when particles moves from an area of greater concentrartion to lesser is diffusion
when particles move by force is filtration
active transport requires energy
the name eastern medicine gives to the concept of the life force that flows through us is called Ch'i
chinese medicine uses channels or _____ to tap into life force and correct imbalance meridians
Yin parasympathic, neg charge, female
Yang sympathic, pos charge, male
the chakras are closely related to the nerve ____ of the nervous system plexus
energy field can also be called aura
skeletal muscle staited - voluntary - moves bones - attach to bones
cardiac muscle straited - involuntary - pumps blood - around the heart
smooth muscle unstraited - involuntary - moves organs - around organs
Created by: marlenasokana