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Anatomy Basics

Unit 1

Define Anatomy Study of the structure of the body
Define Physiology Study of the function of the body
Levels of structural complexity Molecule, Organelle, Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, Organism
Structure determines what? function
Molecules are groups of what? Atoms
What are organelles? Specialized structures that perform specific metabolic functions within cells
What are cells? The basic biological unit of living organisms
What are tissues? group of similar cells that perform a specific function
What are organs? Two or more tissues specialized ton perform a specific function
What are organ systems? Two or more organs that work together to perform a specific function
What is the anatomical position? Standing erect, arms at sides, palms forward, feet close together and head forward
Define superior Nearer to the top
Define inferior nearer to the bottom
Define anterior near or at the front
define posterior near or at the back
Define medial toward the median line or middle of the body
define lateral away from the middle or towards the outside
define ipsilateral same side
define contralateral opposite side
Where is the midclavicular line? down the middle of the clavicle
What does proximal mean? close to the point of attachment
What does distal mean? away from the point of attachment
Define superfical near or at the outside surface
What is deep? further or below the surface
Define plane an imaginary flat surface
What does the sagittal plane seperate left and right
what does the transverse plane seperate top and bottom or superior and inferior
'what does the frontal plane seperate anterior and posterior
Where is the cephalic body region The head: cranial and facial regions
Where is the cervical body region the neck: inferior of the head
Where is the cranial body region eye brows to the top of head
where is the facial region eye brows to chin
where is the occipital body region? at the back of the head(occipital bone area)
Where is the pectoral body region? the chest
Where is the axillary body region? arm pit
Where is the umbilical region? middle abdominal area
Where is the abdominal region inferior to the umbilical region
Where is the inguinal region sides of pubic (reproductive organs
Where is the pubic region? near the pubic bone (reproductive organs)
Where is your lumbar region lower back
Where is deltoid region over deltoid muscle
Where is brachial region front of upper arm
where is antecubital region in anterior part of the elbow
where is the antebrachial region forarm
Where is the carpal region over carpal bones
where is the palmar region over the palm of the hand
Where is the fermoral region upper leg or over femor bone
Where is the patellar region over knee
crural region is where the lower leg
Where is the pedal region top of foot
Where is the popliteal region back of knee
Where is the sural region back of lower leg
where is the plantar region sole of foot
The brain is located in what cavity? cranial
the vertebral canal is where the neck
The thoracic cavity is where the upper chest
What separates the thoracic cavity and abdominal cavity? diaphragm
Abdominal cavity is where infeiror to thoracic cacvity
Where is the pelvic cavity? inferior to the abdominal cavity
Name the four quadrants Right upper quadrant, right lower quadrant, left upper quadrant, left lower quadrants
name the 9 abdominal regions Right hypochondriac region,epigastric, left hypchondriac region, right lumbar region, umbilical region, left lumbar region, right, inguinal region, hypogastric region, left inguinal region
What happens when a change in the body occurs? Homeostatis altering stimulus
What is changed chemistry? conditioned altered
give an example of receptors monitor change monintoring movement, blood flow
Where is the control center? brain/spinal cord
nerve impulses or chemical signals /effectors is the next step after control center
What happens after effectors? negative feedback which then goes to conditioned altered
Created by: 500090280



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