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APGov chapter 8 voc.

Ap gov. chapter 8 key terms:Political beliefs/Political behaviors

QuestionAnswer
attentive public those who follow politics and public affairs carefully.
australian ballot secret ballot printed at the expense of the state
balancing the ticket occurs when a presidential nominee chooses a vice presidential running mate who has different qualities in order to attract more voter for the ticket.
blanket primary election to choose candidates that is open to independents,and allows voters to choose candidates from all parties.
caucus local party meeting
closed primary party election to choose candidates that is closed to independents.Voters may not cross party lines.
coattail effect the influence of a popular presidential candidate on the election of congressional candidates of the same party.
demographics characteristics population eg., race sex,income
direct election election of an official directly by the people rather than by an intermediary group such as the Electoral College.
direct primary election in which the people choose candidates for office.
fixed terms term of office that have an definite length of time. e.g., two years for members of the house
front loading scheduling presidential primary elections early(e.g., February or March) in an election year.
gender gap difference in voting patterns for men and women,particularly in the gender tendency of the latter to vote for Democratic presidential candidates.
general election election in which the officeholders are chose. Contrast with the primary election, in which only the candidates are chosen.
hard money campaign contributors donated directly to candidates.
ideology set of beliefs about political values and the role of the government.
incubent an officeholder who is seeking reelection
independent one who in not registered with a political party -independent leaners tend to vote for candidates of one particular part -pure independents-have no consistent pattern of party voting
issue advocacy ads ads that focus on the issues and do not explicitly encourage citizens to vote for a certain candidate
open primary election to choose candidates that is open to independents, and in which voter may choose candidates from any one party.
party identification a sense of affiliation that a person has with a particular political party
party platform a list of positions and programs that the part adopts at the national convention.Each position is called a plank
political culture the widely shared beliefs,values,and norms that citizens share about their government.
plurality more votes than anyone else,but less than half e.g., Clinton won a plurality(43%) of pop. votes in 1992, but not a majority.Plurality elections such as those for Congress are won by the person with the most votes,regardless if he/she has a majority vote
political efficacy capacity to understand and influence political events
political socialization process in which one acquires his/hers political beliefs.
Realigning("critical")election an election in which there is no long term change in party alignment,e.g., 1932.
safe seat an office that is extremely likely to be won by a particular candidate or political party.
single member district system system in which people elect one representative per district.With a winner-take-all rule,this system strengthens the major parties and weakens minor parties .
soft money campaign contributions that are not donated directly to candidates,but instead donated to parties
Solid South historically ,the South voted solidly Democratic. However, the South is now strongly Republican: Bush carried every Southern state in 2000
split ticket voting casting votes for candidates of one's own part and for candidates of opposing parties, e.g., voting for Republican presidential candidate and a Democratic congressional candidate.
straight ticket voting casting votes only for candidates of one's party.
suffrage the right to vote
superdelegate a delegate to the Democratic nation convention who is there by virtue of holding an office.
Super Tuesday a Tuesday in early March in which many presidential primaries,particularly in the South are held
swing state a state that does not consistently vote either Democratic or Republican in presidential elections.
Created by: 100001416957217