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GOPO Unit 2

Paola Mora Period 2; 9/25-10/9

QuestionAnswer
secret ballot printed at the expense of the state. Australian ballot
occurs when a presidential nominee chooses a vice presidential running mate who has different qualities in order to attract more votes for the ticket. balancing the ticket
election to choose candidates that is open to independents, and that allows voters to choose candidates from all the parties. blanket primary
local party meeting caucus
party election to choose candidates that is closed to independents. Voters may not cross party lines. closed primary
the influence of a popular presidential candidate on the election of congressional candidates of the same party. coattail effect
characteristics of populations, e.g., race, sex, income. demographics
election of an official directly by the people rather than by the intermediary group such as the Electoral College. direct election
election in which the people choose candidates for office. direct primary
terms of office that have a definite length of time, e.g., two years for a member of the House. fixed terms
scheduling presidential primary elections early (e.g., February or March) in an election year. front loading
difference in voting patterns for men and women, particularly in the greater tendency of the latter to vote for Democratic presidential candidates. gender gap
election in which the officeholders are chosen. Contrast with a primary election, in which only the candidates are chosen. general election
campaign contributions donated directly to candidates. hard money
set of beliefs about political values and the role of government. ideology
an officeholder who is seeking reelection. incumbent
one is not registered with a political party.Independent leaners tend to vote for candidates of one particular party, whereas pure independents have no consistent pattern of party voting. independent
ads that focus on issues and do not explicitly encourage citizens to vote for a certain candidate. issue advocacy ads
election to choose candidates that is open to independents, and in which voters may choose candidates form any one party. open primary
a sense of affiliation that a person has with a particular political party. party identification
a list of positions and programs that the party adopts at the national convention. Each position is called a plank. party platform
the widely shared beliefs, values, and norms that citizens share about their government. political culture
more votes than anyone else, but less than half. Plurality elections such as those for Congress are won by the person with the most votes, regardless if he/she has a majority. plurality
capacity to understand and influence political events. political efficacy
process in which one acquires his/her political beliefs. political socialization
an election in which there is a long term change in party alignment, e.g., 1932. realigning ("critical") election
an office that is extremely likely to be won by a particular candidate or political party. safe seat
system in which the people elect one representative per district. with a winner-take-all rule, this system strengthens the two major parties and weakens minor parties. single member district system
campaign contributions that are not donated directly to candidates, but are in instead donated to parties. soft money
historically, the South voted solidly Democratic. However, the South in now strongly Republican: Bush carried every Southern state in 200. Solid South
casting votes for candidates of one's own party and for candidates of opposing parties, e.g., voting for a Republican presidential candidate and a Democratic congressional candidate split ticket voting
casting votes only for candidates of one's party. straight ticket voting
the right to vote. suffrage
a delegate to the Democratic national convention who is there by virtue of holding an office. Superdelegate
a Tuesday in early March in which many presidential primaries, particularly in the South, are held. Super Tuesday
a state that does not consistently vote either Democratic or Republican in presidential elections. swing state
those who follow politics and public affairs carefully. attentive public
Created by: 2paolam