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Singing anatomy

basic principles of singing and anatomy

QuestionAnswer
Breath is what two processes? Inhalation, exhalation
Inhalation diaphragm contracts and drops; lung volume gets larger, creating a negative pressure difference; air is drawn in
Exhalation diaphram relaxes and rises;lung volume decreases, creating positive pressure difference; air gets pushed out
Lungs are made of soft spongy elastic tissue
structure of lungs is like an inverted tree
air enters the lungs through trachea
the trachea branches in two to form bronchi
the bronchi branch into bronchioles
at the end of each bronchiole are clusters of alveoli
alveoli small sacs where the gas exchange of CO2 and O2 takes place
the right lung is_______________ because Shorter; because the liver sits high tucked under the ribcage (broader than left)
Left lung is _______________ because smaller; because of the space taken up by the heart
lungs are encased in a sack of tissue calledq the pleura
the lungs are stuck to the pleura by a small amount of liquid which creates surface tension
suporting the breath through_________ abdominal tension
Two types of breaths involuntary, voluntary
diaphragm a sheet of muscle and tendon that divides the torso in two. dome shaped, slightly higher on the right side curves up toward center
muscles found between the ribs intercostal muscles
external intercostals outside of ribcage
internal intercostals inside of ribcage
slows teh ascent of the diaphragm abdominals
what are the abdominals exterior to interior? rectus abdominis, external obliques, internal obliques, transversus abdominis
rectus abdominis muscles run vertiaclly
external obliques run on side of belly downward and forward and insert int the pelvis and sides of the abdominal sheath ///
internal obliques run opposite external obliques rise from pelvis upward and forward, thickest muscles of the four \\\
transversus abdominis thinnest run horizontally
chest breathing clavicular breathing or "breath of exhaustion"
breathing is like a vaccumn
phonation the act of making a sound
larynx is positioned in the throat by a series of suspernsory muscles
larynx anchored from below by muscular attachments to the sternum and the clavicles
cricoid stabilized by a ligament attachment to the first ring of the trachea
larynx suspended from the hyoid bone
horseshoe shaped bone with opening at the back hyoid bone
muscles of tongue and chin attach to the hyoid bone
4 cartilages of larynx cricoid, thyroid, arytenoids, epiglottis
two adjunct cartilages in the larynx corniculates, cuniforms
cricoid attaches to trachea
broad in back and narrow in front cricoid carilage
two plates fused together that form a V posteriorly thyroid cartilage
flexible attached to cricoid and VC arytenoid carilage
corniculate carilidges have no function
cuniform cartilages wedge shaped rods imbedded in ary-epiglottic folds
intrinsic muscles both attach within larynx
extrinsic muscles at leason one attachment outside muscle
name 4 intrinsic muscles vocal folds, false vocal folds, crico thyroid muscle, crico arytenoid muscle
thyro aretenoids, glottis space between vocal folds
above vocal folds false vocal folds
fan shaped muscles broader at top than bottom stretches vocal folds crico thyroid muscles
three adductor and abductors of the arytenoids crico arytenoid muscle
when ari flows between two objecst, the speed of that air increases as the objects come closer together bernoulii effect
resonance the relationship that exists between two vibrating bodies and results in an increase in amplitude and a more efficient use of the sound wave.
primary vibrator produces sound wave vocal folds
secondary vibrator resonance cavity
resonance tract is________ tuneable
two resonating cavities throat, mouth
irregularly shaped tube which extends from back of the nose to the posetrior surface of the base of the cricoid cartilage pharynx
from base of skull to soft pallate nasal pharynx
from soft pallate to top of epiglottis oral pharynx
from top of epiglottis to base of crioid laryengeal pharynx
where one feels the augmented vibration due to the change in relationship of formants to areas of the body placement
spectral peaks of the sound spectrum formants
sound waves alterations in pressure which propel themselves through an elastic medium
the distance that a vibrator moves as it vibrates amplitude
the subjective evaluation by the ear of a sound's amplitude loudness
vocal color of tone quality timbre
moveable articulators (6) tongue, jaw, cheeks, lips, velum, larynx
fixed articulators hard palate teets alveolar ridge
the smallest phonetic unit of sound in language phoneme
soft palate has no bone
the act or manner of pronouncing syllables words or sentences in an articulate manner enounciation
the act or result of uttering phonemes syllables words and phrases according to accepted standards pronounciation
the prevailing standards of word usage and pronounciation in a cmomprehensible manner and style diction
Created by: juliac